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Table 2 Summary of results (number of reviewed papers mentioning a specific facilitating factor) and themes for the MRT for KT

From: Research, evidence and policymaking: the perspectives of policy actors on improving uptake of evidence in health policy development and implementation in Uganda

   Most commonly mentioned facilitating factors Themes for the MRT for KT
  Strengthening institutional capacity for KT - Capacity of policymakers for knowledge management (central depository, research processes, interpretation, synthesis and application) - Capacity in knowledge management (central depository, research processes, interpretation, evidence based culture, ownership of results, synthesis and application)
1   -Ownership of research results by policymakers (39)
   -Having policymakers with a research background and researchers skilled in policy making  
   - Availability of an institutionalized mechanism of getting researchers involved in policy making and policymakers involved in research - Institutionalized mechanisms for researchers and policymakers engagements
(26)
   -Supportive policy framework for implementing research results (guidelines, plans, monitoring frameworks) -Supportive policy framework (7)
2 Pre-research phase -Prioritization of research addressing policymakers information needs -Research being part of a prioritized research agenda
(21)
3 Research characteristics - Timely, relevant, high quality and comprehensive evidence with recommendations offering policy options -Timely provision of high quality and contextualized evidence with recommendations that are economically feasible and offering policy options
   - Contextualized evidence (Considering political, social, cultural, religious norms and (40)
   - Credible researchers (28) -Credibility of researchers (28)
   -Use of local researchers -Local researchers (7)
  Dissemination - Knowledge brokers play a role -Use of knowledge brokers (9)
   - Publishing simple clear messages  
4   - Extensive dissemination using multiple strategies for different stakeholders -Use of simplified language disseminated through multiple strategies that are audience tailored (35)
   - A dissemination plan, target audiences, dissemination activities, research products must be developed and funded -Availability of a dissemination plan that is funded (10)
   Face to face interactions -Meeting policy makers face to face (11)
   - Use of demand driven research networks that respond to national decision makers questions - Use of demand driven research networks that respond to national decision makers questions (3)
   Providing access to internet and searchable databases Improving internet access (6)
   -Presence of a champion passionate about translation of results and able to push issues to the policy table -A champion who gets evidence to the policy table (6)
5 Context Political - Political stability  
   - A political environment that conducive to policy making and open to change - A politically favorable environment that is open to change
   - Credibility of concerned government officials (26)
   - Getting political involvement in research  
   - Presence of a policy momentum  
   - Availability of a political window (7) -Availability of a political window (7)
  Economic - Availability of funding for undertaking research, KT activities and implementation of recommendations -Availability of funding (20)
6 External influence Global evidence -Support from global respected bodies like WHO - Support from global respected bodies like WHO
   -Global evidence supporting local decision making (13)
   - Global evidence in line with local evidence -Global evidence supporting local evidence (10)
  Donor influence -Donor influence on both the research process and policy development given donor dependence in low income countries -Donor influence on research and policy making given their important financing role in low income countries (10)
7 Partnerships -Mutual and trusted partnerships sustained through systematic platforms for interaction with all stakeholders right from the time of setting the research agenda to implementation of recommendations -Mutually and respected partnerships involving communities spanning the whole process starting at setting the research agenda
(35)
   -Specific involvement of communities -Community involvement (7)
   -Use of regional networks as a way of creating interaction -Use of regional networks as a way of creating interaction (8)
  HSS issues -Monitoring system to enforce implementation of recommendations  
8   -Availability of guidelines to support implementation of research recommendations  
   -Giving appropriate financial incentives to implementers -Capacity of the HSS to implement recommendations including provision of incentives to implementers
   -HSS capacity to implement recommendations in terms of HRH (numbers and skills), availability of inputs and infrastructure (18)