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Table 4 Risk of diabetes by the 4 phenotype groups for men and women

From: Hypertriglyceridemic-waist phenotype predicts diabetes: a cohort study in Chinese urban adults

Phenotype group No. of person-years No. of diabetes Unadjusted Adjusteda
    HR 95% CI P value HR 95% CI P value
Men         
NWNT 3055 15 Reference    Reference   
HTG 1277 12 1.91 0.90-4.01 0.094 1.55 0.69-3.49 0.295
EW 748 14 3.80 1.84-7.88 0.000 3.37 1.43-7.96 0.005
HTGW 777 23 6.01 3.14-11.52 0.000 4.46 1.88-10.60 0.001
Women         
NWNT 1811 7 Reference    Reference   
HTG 197 3 3.96 1.02-15.31 0.046 3.66 0.88-15.31 0.076
EW 528 6 2.95 0.99-8.77 0.052 1.71 0.46-6.44 0.426
HTGW 304 10 8.60 3.28-22.60 0.000 4.64 1.20-17.97 0.017
  1. a Adjusted for age, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol and high density lipoprotein-cholesterol.
  2. Abbreviations: NWNT, normal waist normal triglyceride; HTG, hypertriglyceridemia; EW, enlarged waist circumference; HTGW, hypertriglyceridemic-waist; HR, hazard ratio; 95% CI, 95% confidence interval.
  3. Note: NWNT was defined as serum triglyceride concentration <1.7 mmol/L and waist circumference <90 cm for men and <80 cm for women; HTG was defined as serum triglyceride concentration ≥1.7 mmol/L and waist circumference <90 cm for men and <80 cm for women; EW was defined as serum triglyceride concentration <1.7 mmol/L and waist circumference ≥ 90 cm for men and ≥ 80 cm for women; HTGW was defined as serum triglyceride concentration ≥1.7 mmol/L and waist circumference ≥ 90 cm for men and ≥ 80 cm for women.