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Table 2 Personal hygiene practices and other health behaviors by face mask wearing status

From: Wearing face masks in public during the influenza season may reflect other positive hygiene practices in Japan

  Wearing a face mask Not wearing a face mask
  n =1203 (%) n = 1926 (%)
Age (years)     
  20–29 194 (31.4) 424 (68.6)
  30–39 246 (39.2) 382 (60.8)
  40–49 249 (39.7) 378 (60.3)
  50–59 242 (38.3) 390 (61.7)
  60–69 272 (43.6) 352 (56.4)
Sex     
  Male 467 (30.1) 1082 (69.9)
  Female 736 (46.6) 844 (53.4)
I wash my hands     
  Frequently 890 (49.5) 909 (50.5)
  Occasionally 293 (26.7) 805 (73.3)
  Not often/not do 20 (8.6) 212 (91.4)
I try to avoid going to places where there are lots of people
  Frequently 321 (63.7) 183 (36.3)
  Occasionally 626 (47.5) 692 (52.5)
  Not often/not do 256 (19.6) 1051 (80.4)
I gargle
  Frequently 688 (55.9) 542 (44.1)
  Occasionally 394 (35.5) 716 (64.5)
  Not often/not do 121 (15.3) 668 (84.7)
I avoid close contact with people who are infected
  Frequently 440 (57.2) 329 (42.8)
  Occasionally 625 (38.6) 996 (61.4)
  Not often/not do 138 (18.7) 601 (81.3)
I try to have a good sleep
  Frequently 493 (50.3) 488 (49.7)
  Occasionally 563 (37.0) 959 (63.0)
  Not often/not do 147 (23.5) 479 (76.5)
I was vaccinated last influenza season
  Yes 228 (43.8) 292 (56.2)
  No 975 (36.8) 1674 (63.2)