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Table 4 Associations of condom use at last sexual intercourse among students who were sexually active in the past one year

From: A call for parental monitoring to improve condom use among secondary school students in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

  Male Female
  OR (95% CI) p-value AORb(95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value AORc(95% CI) p-value
Age (yrs)         
 <20 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
 ≥20 1.18(0.83-1.68) 0.36 1.15(0.79-1.68) 0.46 0.81(0.42-1.58) 0.54 0.91(0.40-2.06) 0.82
Secondary school class         
 Ordinary-level 1.00     1.00   1.00  
 Advanced-level 0.91(0.54-1.52) 0.71 -   0.40(0.17-0.96) 0.04 0.39(0.14-1.13) 0.08
Religion         
 Christian 1.00   1.00   1.00    
 Other 0.74(0.51-1.08) 0.12 0.65(0.43-0.98) 0.04 1.15(0.56-2.36) 0.71 -  
Wealth Index         
 Low 1.00     1.00    
 Middle 1.06(0.69-1.63) 0.78 -   1.34(0.57-3.15) 0.51 -  
 High 0.97(0.63-1.50) 0.88    1.19(0.53-2.68) 0.67   
Family structure         
 Both parents 1.00   1.00   1.00    
 One parent 0.93(0.56-1.56) 0.79 1.03(0.60-1.75) 0.92 1.48(0.54-4.02) 0.45 -  
 Other 0.64(0.43-0.94) 0.02 0.64(0.43-0.98) 0.04 1.25(0.60-2.58) 0.55   
Self-esteem a         
 Low 1.00     1.00    
 High 1.09(0.76-1.55) 0.64 -   1.21(0.62-2.37) 0.58 - -
Parental monitoring a
 Low 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
 High 1.91(1.31-2.79) 0.001 1.56(1.05-2.32) 0.03 1.77(0.89-3.52) 0.10 1.54(0.71-3.37) 0.28
Delinquency a         
 Low 1.00   1.00   1.00    
 High 0.53(0.35-0.81) 0.004 0.63(0.40-0.99) 0.04 0.80(0.36-1.78) 0.58 - -
Perceived stress a         
 Low 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
 High 0.70(0.49-1.02) 0.06 0.84(0.57-1.23) 0.37 0.47(0.23-0.96) 0.04 0.74(0.32-1.72) 0.49
Parental communication a
 Low 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
 High 1.30(0.92-1.85) 0.14 1.22(0.85-1.76) 0.29 1.94(0.97-3.85) 0.06 1.60(0.76-3.37) 0.22
School connectedness a
 Low 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
 High 1.26(0.89-1.79) 0.20 1.06(0.72-1.54) 0.78 1.63(0.83-3.18) 0.15 1.54(0.73-3.22) 0.26
Drug use in the past one year
 No 1.00   1.00   1.00    
 Yes 0.63(0.38-1.03) 0.07 0.98(0.52-1.85) 0.96 1.36(0.33-5.66) 0.67 -  
Alcohol use in the past one year
 No 1.00   1.00   1.00   1.00  
 Yes 0.60(0.42-0.87) 0.01 0.64(0.41-0.98) 0.04 0.52(0.25-1.05) 0.07 0.61(0.27-1.38) 0.24
Cigarette use in the past one year
 No 1.00   1.00   1.00    
 Yes 0.65(0.39-1.06) 0.09 0.92(0.49-1.74) 0.79 1.71(0.32-9.11) 0.53 -  
Sexual partners in the past one year
 1 partner 1.00     1.00   1.00  
 ≥ 2 partners 0.84(0.59-1.20) 0.34 -   0.54(0.25-1.14) 0.11 0.91(0.38-2.20) 0.84
Concurrency in the past one year
 No 1.00     1.00    
 Yes 0.73(0.43-1.24) 0.24 -   0.88(0.19-4.10) 0.87 -  
  1. a Self-esteem, parental monitoring, delinquency, perceived stress, parental communication and school connectedness were coded as low if the score was lower than median value.
  2. b Adjusted for age, religion, family structure, parental monitoring, delinquency, perceived stress, parental communication, drug use, alcohol use, and cigarette use in the past one year.
  3. c Adjusted for age, class, parental monitoring, perceived stress, parental communication, school connectedness, alcohol use, and sexual partners in the past one year.