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Table 3 Relationship between risk factors of Hygienic Practice among PLWHA on Home Based Care clients of Gondar City, 2009 (n = 294)

From: Assessment of water, sanitation, and hygiene practice and associated factors among people living with HIV/AIDS home based care services in Gondar city, Ethiopia

Characteristics Hygienic Practice Crude OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
   Poor Good   
Educational status Illiterate (can’t Read and write) 64 65 1.0 1.0
  Read and write 27 14 1.95 (0.94, 4.07) 2.40 (1.06, 5.41)*
  Elementary 25 26 0.97 (0.51, 1.86) 1.11 (0.54, 2.28)
  Secondary 28 30 0.94 (0.51, 1.76) 1.11 (0.55, 2.22)
  Above grade12 8 7 1.16 (0.39, 3.38) 1.29 (0.41, 4.06)
Income quintile Lowest (poorest) 26 27 1.14 (0.51, 2.53) 1.39 (0.57, 3.38)
  Second (poor) 19 22 1.02 (0.44, 2.39) 1.32 (0.52, 3.33)
  Third (middle) 54 46 1.39 (0.69, 2.81) 1.64 (0.76, 3.50)
  Fourth (High) 32 22 1.73 (0.78, 3.83) 2.39 (0.99, 5.76)
  Fifth (Highest) 21 25 1.0 1.0
Hand washing device availability Yes 1 11 1.0 1.0
  No 151 131 12.67 (1.61, 99.52)* 8.76 (1.00, 76.72)*
How frequently do you wash your body Every day 8 7 1 1
  Twice a week 45 44 0.89 (0.29, 2.67) 1.31 (0.38, 4.54)
  Once a week 79 78 0.88 (0.30, 2.56) 1.03 (0.31, 3.40)
  once in a month 16 10 1.40 (0.38, 5.06) 1.62 (0.36, 7.14)
  more than a month 4 3 1.16 (0.19, 7.11) 12.80 (0.81, 20.88)
The reason that soap not affordable Economical 104 63 0.12 (.02, 0.54)* 0.04 (0.00, 0.43)*
  others 8 4 1.0 1.0
The presence of towel in the HW place Yes 6 15 1.0 1.0
  No 146 127 2.87 (1.08, 7.62)* 2.26 (0.72, 7.09)
Attending hygiene education Yes 73 72 0.89 (0.56, 1.42) 1.23 (0.73, 2.07)
  No 79 70 1.0 1.0
Do you need help with walking Yes 3 9 0.29 (0.07, 1.12) 0.23 (0.04, 1.14)
  No 149 133 1.0 1.0
Diarrhea for the past 24 hour Yes 15 8 1.83 (0.75, 4.46) 1.62 (0.61, 4.26)
  No 137 134 1.0 1.0
  1. * Statistically significant association p < 0.05.