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Table 2 Relationship between risk factors of, sanitation status among PLWHA on Home Based Care clients of Gondar City, 2009 (n = 294)

From: Assessment of water, sanitation, and hygiene practice and associated factors among people living with HIV/AIDS home based care services in Gondar city, Ethiopia

Characteristics Sanitation status Crude OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
   Unimproved Improved   
Educational status Illiterate (can’t Read and write) 98 31 1.0 1.0
  Read and write 32 9 1.12 (0.48, 2.61) 1.31 (0.52, 3.30)
  Elementary 29 22 0.41 (0.21, 0.82)* 0.41 (0.18, 0.94)*
  Secondary 31 27 0.36 (0.18,0 .69)* 0.29 (0.13, 0.63)*
  Above grade12 7 8 0.27 (0.09,0 .82)* 0.26 (0.07,0.94)*
Income quintile Lowest (poorest) 32 21 0.73 (0.32, 1.68) 1.05 (0.36, 3.01)
  Second (poor) 26 15 0.83 (0.34, 2.03) 1.67 (0.56, 4.97)
  Third (middle) 68 32 1.02 (0.48, 2.16) 1.88 (0.74, 4.77)
  Fourth (High) 40 14 1.38 (0.58, 3.28) 1.73 (0.60, 4.97)
  Fifth (Highest) 31 15 1.0 1.0
Household latrine availability Yes 86 84 1.0 1.0
  No 111 13 8.34 (4.36, 15.95)* 10.39 (5.13, 21.03)*
House hold members discriminate in the latrine Yes 11 3 1.85 (0.50, 6.80) 4.18 (0.52, 33.28)
  No 186 94 1.0 1.0
Have you discriminated in the latrine Yes 11 5 1.08 (0.36, 3.22) 0.30 (0.05, 1.62)
  No 186 92 1.0 1.0
Do you need help with walking Yes 10 2 2.54 (0.54, 11.82) 1.57 (0.26, 9.49)
  No 187 95 1.0 1.0
Diarrhea for the past 24 hour Yes 14 9 0.74 (0.31, 1.79) 0.61 (0.19, 1.87)
  No 183 88 1.0 1.0
  1. * Statistically significant association p < 0.05.