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Table 1 Relationship between risk factors of water supply status among PLWHA on Home Based Care clients of Gondar City, 2009 (n = 294)

From: Assessment of water, sanitation, and hygiene practice and associated factors among people living with HIV/AIDS home based care services in Gondar city, Ethiopia

Characteristics General Water supply status Crude OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
   Unimproved Improved   
Educational status Illiterate (can’t Read and write) 58 71 1.0 1.0
  Read and write 27 14 2.36 (1.13,4.91)* 4.20 (0.92, 19.02)
  Elementary 17 34 0.61 (0.31,1.20) 0.74 (0.19, 2.78)
  Secondary 19 39 0.59 (0.31,1.14) 0.50 (0.17, 1.46)
  Above grade12 5 10 0.61 (0.19,1.89) 0.16 (0.01, 2.15)
Income quintile Lowest (poorest) 15 38 0.47 (0.20,1.081) 0.67 (0.137, 3.36)
  Second (poor) 11 30 0.43 (0.17,1.706) 0.39 (0.057, 2.77)
  Third (middle) 52 48 1.29 (0.64,2.59) 3.55 (0.96, 13.13)
  Fourth (High) 27 27 1.19 (0.54,2.61) 2.99 (0.72, 12.42)
  Fifth (Highest) 21 25 1.0 1.0
Discrimination of family member in water source Yes 9 9 1.35 (0.52, 3.52) 0.43 (0.06, 2.84)
  No 117 159 1.0 1.0
Discrimination of PLWHA in water source Yes 13 22 0.76 (.36, 1.58) 1.61 (0.44, 5.86)
  No 113 146 1.0 1.0
Forced to go far distance to fetch water Yes 9 4 3.91 (1.13, 13.47)* 3.84 (0.41, 35.27)
  No 42 73 1.0 1.0
Do you need help with walking Yes 1 11 0.11 (0.01, 0.89)* 0.13 (0.01, 1.44)
  No 125 157 1.0 1.0
Diarrhea for the past 24 hour Yes 15 8 2.70 (1.10, 6.59)* 6.13( 1.23, 30.57)*
  No 111 160 1.0 1.0
  1. * Statistically significant association p < 0.05.