Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Average 24-hour nutrient intake among wasted and non-wasted patients stratified by tuberculosis disease severity

From: Low nutrient intake among adult women and patients with severe tuberculosis disease in Uganda: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic [mean, (SD)]c Lean tissue: Not wasted Lean tissue: Wasted BMI: Not wasted BMI: Wasted
  Mild (n=23) Severe (n=20) Mild (n=16) Severe (n=4) Mild (n=13) Severe (n=15) Mild (n=11) Severe (n=24)
Energy (MJ) 14.65 (2.32) 6.24 (3.04)b 8.19 (3.25) 6.02 (3.07)b 8.41 (2.89) 6.21 (2.66) 10.29 (4.85) 6.05 (3.28)b
Protein (g) 130.2 (36.2) 35.5 (17.7)b 58.6 (41.6) 43.1 (22.3) 66.0 (47.9) 40.6 (18.1) 75.9 (50.8) 39.6 (22.5)b
Total fat (g) 126.3 (57.3) 40.6 (38.8)b 48.6 (38.6) 31.5 (23.7) 46.7 (22.7) 32.5 (21.5) 79.2 (67.6) 36.9 (35.5)
Carbohydrate (g) 430 (133) 255 (117) 332 (127) 250 (138)b 339 (139) 259 (135) 359 (125) 248 (126)b
Calcium (mg) 1732 (2334) 273 (242) 579 (1024) 333 (404) 676 (1221) 401 (481) 884 (1502) 251 (214)
Magnesium (mg) 626 (320) 192 (116)b 249 (178) 239 (209) 267 (190) 243 (138) 365 (299) 205 (199)
Zinc (mg) 16.2 (2.5) 4.4 (2.2)b 5.4 (2.9) 5.9 (3.9) 5.7 (2.8) 5.4 (2.4) 9.1 (6.3) 5.3 (3.8)
Iron (mg) 24.3 (20.3) 7.5 (4.9) 10.2 (6.6) 12.0 (11.4) 10.4 (7.3) 10.2 (7.4) 15.0 (14.0) 10.1 (10.7)
Vitamin A (RE) 1094 (1252) 376 (634)b 682 (702) 452 (505) 716 (812) 477 (610) 792 (818) 386 (528)b
Folate (μg) 487 (429) 251 (209) 445 (260) 270 (159)b 420 (254) 251 (167) 489 (322) 270 (189)
  1. p-values obtained with Wilcoxon test; ap-value <0.001, bp-value <0.05. cCharacteristic values are means ± standard deviation (SD). BMI = body mass index. BMI wasting = <18.5 kg/m2 for men and women; Lean tissue mass wasting = Lean tissue mass index <16.7 kg/m2 for men and <14.6 kg/m2 for women; moderate-severe tuberculosis disease = TBScore >5 [20].