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Table 2 Bivariate analysis of bednet ownership and use (among those who own) among pregnant women with independent variables

From: Determinants of insecticide-treated net ownership and utilization among pregnant women in Nigeria

Characteristics % of ownership of ITN (N1 = 2348) % of ITN use in pregnancy (N2 = 677)
  Yes No P-value Yes No P-value
Locality       
   Rural 29.7 70.3 0.337 20.7 79.3 0.001
   Urban 27.8 72.2   32.1 67.9  
Age of caregivers       
   Below 26 years 27.6 72.4 0.252 28.6 71.4 0.143
   26 years and above 29.8 70.2   23.6 76.4  
Education       
   None 24.7 75.3 0.077 23.2 76.8 0.317
   Qur'anic only 31.4 68.6   21.8 78.2  
   Primary 29.7 70.3   29.6 70.4  
   Secondary 28.1 71.9   23.8 76.2  
   Higher 34.7 65.3   32.9 67.1  
Geopolitical Zones       
   North West 34.6 65.4 <0.0001 30.4 69.6 0.170
   North East 32.1 67.9   20.7 79.3  
   North Central 25.0 75.0   29.2 70.8  
   South West 21.3 78.7   28.4 71.6  
   South East 33.2 66.8   18.2 81.8  
   South South 25.8 74.2   27.3 72.7  
Registered for ANC       
   No 25.2 74.8 <0.0001 22.7 77.3 0.143
   Yes 32.1 67.9   27.8 72.3  
Risk of malaria in pregnancy       
   Perceived it is not harmful 23.3 76.7 0.037 20.3 79.7 0.009
   Perceived it is harmful 29.6 70.4   29.3 70.7  
Knowledge that malaria is risky in pregnancy
   No 27.9 72.1 0.432 12.3 87.7 0.015
   Yes 29.5 70.5   27.0 73.0  
Knowledge that ITN prevents malaria
   No 21.9 78.1 <0.0001 17.4 82.6 <0.0001
   Yes 49.6 50.4   36.6 63.4  
Knowledge of causes of malaria       
   Others 23.6 76.4 0.007 24.5 75.5 0.765
   Mosquito bites 30.1 69.9   25.9 74.1  
Misconception about causes of malaria
   No misconception 29.5 70.5 0.408 26.5 73.5 0.565
   Had misconception 27.9 72.1   24.6 75.4  
Knowledge of prevention of malaria
   Not correct knowledge 23.9 76.1 0.001 19.4 80.6 0.030
   Correct knowledge 31.0 69.0   27.8 72.2  
Misconception about prevention of malaria
   No misconception 29.7 70.3 0.410 23.5 76.5 0.220
   Had misconception 28.1 71.9   27.6 72.4  
Total 28.8 71.2   25.7 74.3