Skip to main content

Table 2 GEE multivariable logistic regression model to measure the adjusted association between place and food insecurity among households with children participating in the QLSCD, 2002 – 2008 (n = 1746)

From: Local social environmental factors are associated with household food insecurity in a longitudinal study of children

Variables included in the model Adjusted odds ratio 95% Confidence limits
Time 1 (child 4 y, 2002) Ref Ref
Time 2 (child 8 y, 2006) 0.83 0.64 – 1.08
Time 3 (child 10 y, 2008) 0.77 0.58 – 1.02
Place factors   
Materially deprived 1.12 0.81 – 1.54
Socially deprived 1.62 1.16 – 2.26 **
Low social cohesion 1.45 1.10 -1.92 **
High disorder 1.76 1.37 – 2.27***
Living location   
Rural/small town 0.88 0.59 – 1.31
CA (semi-urban) 0.93 0.59 -1.46
CMA (urban) Ref Ref
Other explanatory variables   
Number of people in household 1.26 1.07 – 1.48**
SES (tertiles)   
Low 8.45 5.05 – 14.12***
Medium 3.51 2.10 – 5.86***
High Ref Ref
Single parent family 2.49 1.69 – 3.67***
At least one person smokes in the household 1.17 0.86 – 1.58
Mother is an immigrant 1.37 0.82 – 2.29
Age of the mother 1.00 0.97 – 1.03
  1. * P ≤ 0.05, ** P ≤ 0.01, *** P ≤ 0.0001.
  2. GEE – generalized estimating equations; QLSCD – Québec Longitudinal Study of Child Development; Ref – reference group; CA – census agglomeration; CMA – census metropolitan area; SES – socioeconomic status.