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Table 2 The social-support scale for self-care in middle-aged patients with type 2 diabetes and its factors loading (n=204)

From: Development and psychometric properties of a new social support scale for self-care in middle-aged patients with type II diabetes (S4-MAD)

I HAVE….
Item Factor 1 Factor 2 Factor 3 Factor 4 Factor 5
1. Somebody who encourages me to keep the recommended diet by my physician or nutritionist. 0.181 0.737 0.059 0.215 −0.077
2. Somebody who shows how happy she/he is when I keep the recommended diet by my physician or nutritionist. 0.200 0.807 0.165 0.057 0.034
3. Somebody who buys the necessary ingredients to cook appropriate foods for diabetics. 0.317 0.615 0.234 0.095 0.098
4. Somebody who helps me to schedule for eating meals and snacks. 0.432 0.486 0.426 0.160 0.069
5. Somebody who cooks appropriate foods for a diabetic patient for me. 0.331 0.728 0.192 0.190 0.041
6. Somebody who warns me when I eat more or less than of my eating plan. 0.280 0.753 0.212 0.287 0.012
7. Somebody who eats the foods that I can eat so that I do not have any temptation and can go on my diet. 0.141 0.681 0.125 0.155 −0.083
8. Somebody who –before any meal or snack- tells me the ingredients of that food are appropriate for me or not. 0.010 0.524 0.230 0.114 0.026
9. Somebody who reminds me repeatedly about the necessity of continuing my diet. 0.156 0.673 0.404 0.153 0.105
10. Somebody who encourages me to have physical activity regularly. 0.348 0.338 0.279 0.590 0.036
11. Somebody who reminds me about various methods of physical activity (exercise, job or household activities). 0.261 0.409 0.237 0.637 0.051
12. Somebody who pays the cost of registering in a gym or buying equipment for physical activity. 0.249 0.154 0.096 0.835 −0.039
13. Somebody who reminds me that I must have more physical activity when I am lazy. 0.233 0.331 0.120 0.747 −0.063
14. Somebody who asks me to join him/her for exercise. −0.016 0.094 0.151 0.837 0.104
15. Somebody who always asks me about the result of my blood glucose test. 0.059 0.434 0.577 0.247 0.110
16. Somebody who pays attention and reads the amount of my blood glucose from the glucometer while self-monitoring of blood glucose. 0.217 0.197 0.834 0.164 −0.030
17. Somebody who helps me to monitor the glucose of my blood by glucometer when I am not strong enough. 0.307 0.195 0.794 0.128 −0.010
18. Somebody who reminds me about the time of blood glucose test in laboratory every 3 months. 0.503 0.320 0.605 0.172 0.018
19. Somebody who checks all the necessary equipment to perform Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose. 0.360 0.267 0.744 0.126 0.008
20. Somebody who encourages me to perform Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose independently. 0.427 0.309 0.553 0.117 0.074
21. Somebody who pays attention to the signs of hypoglycemia in me. 0.476 0.251 0.651 0.153 0.049
22. Somebody who gives me educational materials (CD, book and etc.) about foot care in diabetics. 0.718 0.149 0.307 0.231 0.164
23. Somebody who reminds me of the daily foot care. 0.802 0.201 0.242 0.113 0.192
24. Somebody who encourages me to perform daily foot care. 0.815 0.278 0.244 0.101 0.108
25. Somebody who performs daily foot care for me when I am not strong enough. 0.796 0.130 0.308 0.181 0.058
26. Somebody who always makes sure that all necessary things for foot care such as warm water and mild soap are available. 0.728 0.335 0.130 0.230 0.064
27. Somebody who helps me with foot care. 0.784 0.232 0.253 0.123 0.195
28. Somebody who helps and encourages me to quit smoking. 0.135 0.006 0.030 0.048 0.954
29. Somebody who registers me in a smoke quitting center. 0.148 0.002 0.025 0.003 0.970
30. Somebody who gives me educational materials (CD, book and etc.) about smoking and its effects on diabetics. 0.171 0.027 0.017 0.006 0.948
Eigenvalue 13.4 3.1 2.1 1.7 1.4
Explained Variance (%) 44.7 10.4 6.8 5.8 4.6
Cumulative Variance (%) 44.7 55.1 61.9 67.7 72.3
  1. Factor 1: Foot care, Factor 2: Nutrition, Factor 3: Self-monitoring of blood glucose, Factor 4: Physical activity, Factor 5: Smoking.