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Table 2 Index case search intervention carried out by health services in India and Nepal (Index case search was not implemented by Bangladesh)

From: Active case detection in national visceral leishmaniasis elimination programs in Bangladesh, India, and Nepal: feasibility, performance and costs

  India Nepal
No. of index cases identified 36 45
Total no. of households (population) screened 1627 (9470) 1046 (7091)
Detection of VL   
- fever >2 weeks 0.3% (29/9470) 0% (0/7091)
- rK39 test done 100% (29/29) --
- rK39 test positive 10% (03/29) --
- referred for treatment 100% (3/3) --
- completed treatment 100% (3/3) --
- No. of new VL cases detected 3 0
- No. of new VL cases detected per index case search .08 0
Detection of PKDL   
- with suspected skin lesions 0.01% (1/9470) 0% (0/7091)
- rK39 test done 100% (1/1) --
- rK39 test positive 100% (1/1) --
- referred for treatment 100% (1/1) --
- completed treatment 100% (1/1) --
- No. of new PKDL cases detected 1 0
- No. of new PKDL cases detected per index case search .03 0