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Table 4 Migrants’ initiation into sex work and their continuation of sex between places of origin and destination

From: Male migration and risky sexual behavior in rural India: is the place of origin critical for HIV prevention programs?

  Prakasam district Azamgarh district
  Sex worker Casual unpaid partner Any partner# Sex worker Casual unpaid partner Any partner#
  % % % % % %
Total sample size 633 633 633 639 639 639
Migrants who never had sex 75.0 44.9 42.0 75.9 54.1 48.8
Migrants who initiated sex in place of origin 9.8 42.5 43.4 7.5 42.7 43.7
Migrants who initiated sex in place of destination 15.2 12.6 14.5 16.6 3.1 7.5
p-value <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
Number who initiated sex in place of origin 62 269 275 48 273 279
Had sex in destination after initiating at place of origin [total] 59.7 39.4 46.9 49.0 23.5 47.7
Had sex in destination only 19.4 6.7 6.9 29.2 2.6 9.0
Had sex both in destination and in origin during their migration 40.3 32.7 40.0 18.8 20.9 38.7
Had sex in only origin areas during their migration 16.1 39.4 32.7 43.8 53.1 35.5
Did not have sex in any area during migration after they first had sex before migration 24.2 21.2 20.4 8.3 23.4 16.9
Number who initiated sex in place of destination 96 80 92 106 20 48
Had sex in destination areas only but not in origin 45.8 56.3 54.4 85.9 75.0 79.2
Had sex in both destination and origin areas 54.2 43.8 45.7 14.2 25.0 20.8
  1. # Sex either with sex worker and/or casual unpaid female partner.