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Table 2 Number and type of sex partners, unprotected sex practices, STI risk of non-migrants, returned migrants and active migrants in Prakasam and Azamgarh districts, India

From: Male migration and risky sexual behavior in rural India: is the place of origin critical for HIV prevention programs?

  Prakasam district Azamgarh district
  Non-migrants Returned migrants Active migrants p-value1 Non-migrants Retuned migrants Active migrants p-value1
Total sample size 401 317 316   431 319 320  
  % % %   % % %  
Ever had sex with         
Either sex worker or casual unpaid partner 40.4 57.7 57.6 <0.001 38.3 42.3 47.8 0.033
Male partner 1.5 0.9 1.9 0.602 3.0 4.4 1.9 0.184
Had sex in past 12 months with         
Sex worker 7.5 12.0 14.6 0.009 6.5 10.3 19.4 <0.001
Casual unpaid partner 25.2 33.4 34.5 0.011 21.1 16.9 27.5 0.005
Both sex worker and casual partner 7.5 11.4 13.9 0.019 4.2 6.3 15.3 <0.001
3+ sex partners 9.2 15.5 17.7 0.003 10.4 10.0 17.2 0.007
Consistent condom use # in past 12 months with         
Sex worker2 76.7 (30) 68.4 (38) 73.9 (46) 0.732 28.6 (28) 42.4 (33) 41.9 (62) 0.435
Casual unpaid partner4 15.8 (101) 22.6 (106) 31.2 (109) 0.031 11.0 (91) 16.7 (54) 33.0 (88) 0.001
Risky sexual behavior $ 9.3 12.3 13.1 0.334 6.8 8.6 16.5 0.002
  1. 1 Chi-square test.
  2. 2 Among those who had sex with sex workers in last 12 months.
  3. 3 Among those who had sex with sex workers.
  4. 4 Among those who had sex with casual unpaid female partners in last 12 months.
  5. 5 Among those who had sex with casual unpaid female partners.
  6. # Every time condom use in sex episodes in past12 months prior to the survey with specific type of partner (irrespective of place of origin or destination).
  7. ( ) Data in parenthesis indicates the total sample size for that variable.
  8. $ No consistent condom use in sex with both sex worker and/or casual unpaid partner, and having sex with both sex worker and casual unpaid partners.