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Table 1 Definition of Interventions

From: Neonatal resuscitation and immediate newborn assessment and stimulation for the prevention of neonatal deaths: a systematic review, meta-analysis and Delphi estimation of mortality effect

Immediate assessment and stimulation of the newborn baby

Immediate assessment, warming, drying and tactile stimulation (rubbing with the drying cloth, rubbing the back or flicking the feet) of the newborn at the time of birth. This is not the same as the WHO package of essential newborn care which is more complex and includes immediate breastfeeding, resuscitation, thermal care, eye care, immunization etc.

Basic Newborn Resuscitation

Airway clearing (suctioning if required) head positioning and positive pressure ventilation via bag-and- mask.*

Advanced Newborn Resuscitation (not estimated for LiST)

Basic neonatal resuscitation (as above) plus endotracheal intubation, supplemental oxygen, chest compressions, and medications.

  1. *Note: While basic newborn resuscitation includes immediate assessment and stimulation, the effect estimated for the purposes of the LiST tool is the additional effect of basic resuscitation in addition to stimulation as the program implications differ in terms of skills and equipment.