Skip to main content

Table 2 Military Infectious Disease Impact Rank: Top 20 febrile illnesses ranked by order of military significance.

From: Malaria and other vector-borne infection surveillance in the U.S. Department of Defense Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center-Global Emerging Infections Surveillance program: review of 2009 accomplishments

Rank Disease Median GRSI Score Medical Force ICDT Rank Military Impact Index (GRSI/ICDT Rank)
1 Malaria 4949 1 4949
2 Diarrhea, bacterial 5236 3 1745
3 Dengue 3148 2 1574
4 Norovirus and other viral diarrhea 1964* 7 280
5 Leptospirosis 1745 10 174
6 Chikungunya 2608 16 163
7 Rift Valley Fever 2519 24 104
8 HIV/AIDS 728 14 52
9 Meningococcal meningitis 698 17 41
10 Diarrhea, protozoal 411 11 37
11 Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever 430 13 33
12 Leishmaniasis 12 5 24
13 Hepatitis E 402 21 19
14 Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome 252 15 16
15 Q fever (Coxiella burnetti) 92 6 15
16 Rickettsioses 155 19 8
17 Tick Borne encephalitis 134 23 5
18 Influenza 35 8 4
19 Plague 89 18 4
20 Lassa/other arenaviruses 63 22 2
  1. Index calculated as quotient of Infectious Diseases Investment Decision Evaluation Algorithm (ID-IDEAL) Global Risk Severity Index (GRSI)/Integrated Capabilities Development Team (ICDT) rank for diseases listed in both documents. Adapted from refs 27 and 28.
  2. *Mean of all GSRI scores for diarrheal diseases
  3. +Mean of cutaneous, visceral and mucosal leishmaniasis GSRI scores