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Table 3 Child behaviours: Effect size by programme and multiple comparisons between programmes

From: A comparison of the effectiveness of three parenting programmes in improving parenting skills, parent mental-well being and children's behaviour when implemented on a large scale in community settings in 18 English local authorities: the parenting early intervention pathfinder (PEIP)

  SFSC Incredible Years Triple P ANOVA ANOVA multiple comparisons
Mean difference (CIs)
SDQ Variable N Before
(Mean, SD)
After
(Mean, SD)
Effect size N Before
(Mean, SD)
After
(Mean, SD)
Effect size N Before
(Mean, SD)
After
(Mean, SD)
Effect size F-test (df)
p-value
SFSC-IY SFSC-TP IY-TP Summary
Emotional symptoms 341 3.6
(2.5)
2.6
(2.1)
-0.43 232 3.9
(2.3)
3.1
(2.5)
-0.34 494 3.8
(2.6)
2.7
(2.4)
-0.45 F(2,973) =
1.32
p = .269
n.s. n.s. n.s.  
Conduct problems 344 3.8
(2.4)
2.8
(2.1)
-0.44 232 4.7
(2.2)
3.2
(2.1)
-0.71 495 4.5
(2.4)
3.2
(2.2)
-0.56 F(2,975) =
2.69,
p = .068
0.51**
(0.09, 0.94)
0.27
(-0.08, 0.62)
-0.24
(-0.64, 0.15)
SFSC < IY
Hyper-activity 329 5.8
(2.6)
4.6
(2.4)
-0.46 231 6.5
(2.7)
5.4
(2.7)
-0.41 493 6.3
(2.7)
5.1
(2.7)
-0.43 F(2,964) =
0.60,
p = .548
n.s. n.s. n.s.  
Peer problems 337 3.3
(2.2)
2.9
(2.1)
-0.19 231 3.4
(2.2)
2.9
(2.2)
-0.22 496 3.2
(2.3)
2.6
(2.1)
-0.28 F(2,970) =
1.32,
p = .268
n.s. n.s. n.s.  
Prosocial behaviours 341 6.8
(2.4)
7.1
(2.2)
0.15 232 6.5
(2.2)
7.3
(2.0)
0.41 495 6.2
(2.3)
6.8
(2.2)
0.28 F(2,972) =
4.12,
p = .017
-0.55 **
(-0.99,
-0.12)
-0.35
(-0.71,
0.02)
0.21
(-0.20,
0.61)
SFSC < IY
Impact 324 2.4
(2.5)
1.4
(2.3)
- 0.38 228 2.6
(2.4)
1.7
(2.4)
- 0.38 479 3.5
(2.9)
1.9
(2.4)
-0.60 F(2,937) =
5.61,
p = .004
0.01
(-0.48,
0.49)
0.60 ***
(-3.15,
-0.89)
0.60 **
(0.15,
1.03)
(SFSC = IY) < TP
SDQ total difficulties 321 16.4
(6.8)
12.8
(6.6)
- 0.55 227 18.4
(6.7)
14.6
(7.0)
-0.57 490 17.8
(7.1)
13.6
(7.1)
-0.59 F(2,952) =
0.66,
p = .518
n.s. n.s. n.s.  
  1. Notes: See notes to Table 2