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Table 4 Adjusted* Hazard Ratios (HR) and 95% Confidence Intervals (95% CI) for mortality by diabetes and different levels of functioning, after stratifying for other chronic conditions

From: The excess mortality risk of diabetes associated with functional decline in older adults: Results from a 7-year follow-up of a nationwide cohort in Taiwan

  No diabetes Diabetes
  HR (95% CI) P-value HR (95% CI) P-value
High functioning
No other conditions Reference   1.33 (0.64-2.78) 0.444
One or more other conditions 1.20 (0.83-1.72) 0.328 1.84 (0.97-3.48) 0.063
Middle functioning
No other conditions 1.57 (1.12-2.21) 0.009 1.90 (1.02-3.53) 0.042
One or more other conditions 1.50 (1.07-2.10) 0.018 2.46 (1.61-3.77) < 0.001
Low functioning
No other conditions 3.31 (1.90-5.78) < 0.001 3.67 (1.55-8.69) 0.003
One or more other conditions 4.60 (3.08-6.87) < 0.001 4.03 (2.31-7.03) < 0.001
  1. *Adjusted for age, sex, education, marital status, and current smoking.
  2. Other conditions include heart disease, hypertension, and stroke.