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Table 4 Correlation between BMI-for-age and vitamin D status

From: High prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency and its association with BMI-for-age among primary school children in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

  Boys (n = 180) Girls (n = 222) Total (n = 402)
  Vitamin D status Vitamin D status Vitamin D status
BMI-for-age Status *Low **Normal *Low **Normal *Low **Normal
  N % N % N % N % N % N %
Severe thinness 3 2.5 2 3.3 1 0.6 0 0.0 4 1.2 2 3.4
Thinness 6 5 5 8.2 10 5.8 4 8.0 20 5.8 5 8.6
Normal 54 45.4 34 55.7 109 63.4 36 72.0 194 56.4 39 67.2
Overweight 20 16.8 11 18.0 34 19.8 7 14.0 66 19.2 6 10.3
Obese 36 30.3 9 14.8 18 10.5 3 6.0 60 17.4 6 10.3
x2 (df = 1) 5.958 1.160 5.832
p-trend (Monte Carlo) 0.016 0.330 0.013
  1. * Low vitamin D concentration: ≤50 nmol/L
  2. ** Normal vitamin D concentration: >50 nmol/L