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Table 2 Univariate analyses examining factors associated with adequate health knowledge in rural chronically ill adults

From: Chronic disease knowledge and its determinants among chronically ill adults in rural areas of Shanxi Province in China: a cross-sectional study

Predictor Group of adequate health knowledge
(n = 266)
Group of inadequate health knowledge
(n = 794)
χ2 P
  N % N %   
Sex       
male 92 34.6 248 31.2   
female 174 65.4 546 68.8 1.028 0.311
Age       
< 50 30 11.3 90 11.3   
50-59 84 31.6 227 28.6   
60-69 113 42.5 273 34.4   
70- 39 14.7 204 25.7 15.791 0.003
Marital Status       
Unmarried 4 1.5 7 0.9   
Married 234 88 644 81.1   
Divorced 2 0.8 5 0.6   
Widowed 26 9.8 138 17.4 9.371 0.025
Education level       
less than 6 years elementary study 80 30.1 318 40.1   
Elementary 92 34.6 273 34.4   
Middle school 72 27.1 164 20.7   
beyond high school 22 8.3 39 4.9 12.869 0.005
Duration of illness       
1-5 114 42.9 403 50.8   
6-10 81 30.5 235 29.6   
11-15 46 17.3 78 9.8   
16- 25 9.4 78 9.8 12.138 0.007
The place participants received health care regularly      
Village Clinics 27 10.2 444 55.9   
township hospitals 195 73.3 70 8.8   
County Hospitals 42 15.8 82 10.3   
participants who do not check up regularly in clinics or hospitals 2 0.8 198 24.9 492.274 < 0.001
Family history of chronic diseases       
yes 138 51.9 260 32.7   
no 128 48.1 534 67.3 31.109 < 0.001
Received health information related to chronic diseases from doctors       
yes 252 94.7 385 48.5   
no 14 5.3 409 51.5 177.712 < 0.001
Received self-care instructions
from doctors
      
yes 263 98.9 500 63   
no 3 1.1 294 37 127.325 < 0.001
  1. Note: adequate health knowledge of CDs = answer at and more than 6 items correctly