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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics among the population surveyed, and those with pneumonia in the previous 12 months or influenza-like illness (ILI) in the previous month, Santa Rosa, Guatemala, 2006a

From: Low usage of government healthcare facilities for acute respiratory infections in guatemala: implications for influenza surveillance

  Sample
N = 5449
n (%)
Pneumonia Cases
N = 323
n (%)
P value ILI Cases
N = 628
n (%)
P value b
Sex, female 2844 (52) 165 (50) 0.51 344 (53) 0.44
Age (years)    0.76   0.01
   0-4 586 (12) 60 (20)   106 (17)  
   5-14 1484 (28) 68 (21)   170 (29)  
   15-29 1466 (27) 68 (21)   147 (22)  
   30-59 1439 (25) 87 (25)   150 (24)  
   ≥60 474 (8) 40 (12)   55 (8)  
Wealth index      
   Poorest 832 (21) 49 (20) 0.14 127 (27) <0.001
   Second 927 (21) 51 (20)   127 (25)  
   Third 1006 (20) 61 (21)   113 (18)  
   Fourth 1141 (19) 84 (23)   127 (17)  
   Wealthiest 1543 (19) 78 (15)   134 (14)  
  1. a Percentages are calculated using sample weights.
  2. b P values compare characteristics of pneumonia (or ILI) cases with those persons without pneumonia (or ILI).