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Table 1 Individual-level and neighborhood-level characteristics for 64, 960 participants enrolled in the Southern Community Cohort Study via Community Health Centers, 2002-2009

From: Individual and neighborhood-level socioeconomic characteristics in relation to smoking prevalence among black and white adults in the Southeastern United States: a cross-sectional study

  Black White
  Male Female Male Female
  N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%)
Individual-level variablesa
   Total number of persons 19, 561 30.1 27, 412 42.2 6, 231 9.6 11, 756 18.1
   Number of census block groups 4, 825   5, 594   3, 433   4, 836  
   Years lived in current home (mean) 9.3   10.4   8.1   9.3  
   Age at enrollment (mean) 50.4   51.6   52.5   53.5  
Household income
   < $15, 000 12, 354 63.2 16, 859 61.5 3, 565 57.2 6, 582 56.0
   $15, 000-$24, 999 4, 281 21.9 6, 411 23.4 1, 310 21.0 2, 427 20.6
   $25, 000-$49, 999 2, 221 11.4 3, 156 11.5 878 14.1 1, 652 14.1
   > $50, 000 705 3.6 986 3.6 478 7.7 1, 095 9.3
Education (years)
   < 9 1, 820 9.3 2, 026 7.4 708 11.4 981 8.3
   9 - < 12 5, 060 25.9 6, 494 23.7 1, 200 19.3 2, 287 19.5
   12 - < 16 11, 393 58.2 16, 414 59.9 3, 635 58.3 7, 155 60.9
   ≥16 1, 288 6.6 2, 478 9.0 688 11.0 1, 333 11.3
Marital status
   Married 5, 736 29.3 7, 312 26.7 2, 587 41.5 5, 097 43.4
   Separated/Divorced 6, 685 34.2 9, 487 34.6 2, 270 36.4 4, 144 35.3
   Widowed 733 3.7 3, 883 14.2 259 4.2 1, 606 13.7
   Single/Never married 6, 407 32.8 6, 730 24.6 1, 115 17.9 909 7.7
Currently working
   Yes 7, 220 36.9 10, 706 39.1 1, 948 31.3 3, 959 33.7
   No 12, 341 63.1 16, 706 60.9 4, 283 68.7 7, 797 66.3
Cigarette smoking status
   Current 11, 609 59.3 9, 220 33.6 3, 258 52.3 4, 623 39.3
   Former 3, 786 19.4 5, 258 19.2 1, 758 28.2 2, 890 24.6
   Never 4, 166 21.3 12, 934 47.2 1, 215 19.5 4, 243 36.1
Neighborhood-level variablesb
Percent poverty
   < 10% 2, 027 10.4 2, 969 10.8 1, 747 28.0 3, 618 30.8
   10 - < 20% 3, 659 18.7 5, 775 21.1 2, 143 34.4 4, 409 37.5
   20 - < 50% 11, 204 57.3 15, 137 55.2 2, 184 35.1 3, 549 30.2
   > 50% 2, 671 13.7 3, 531 12.9 157 2.5 180 1.5
Household income
   < $18, 879 6, 442 32.9 8, 128 29.7 722 11.6 896 7.6
   $18, 879 - < $26, 094 5, 389 27.5 7, 522 27.4 1, 228 19.7 2, 152 18.3
   $26, 094 - < $34, 583 4, 124 21.1 6, 324 23.1 1, 942 31.2 3, 835 32.6
   > $34, 583 3, 606 18.4 5, 438 19.8 2, 339 37.5 4, 873 41.5
Percent adults with ≥ HS educationc
   < 57.8% 6, 009 30.7 7, 769 28.3 966 15.5 1, 486 12.6
   57.8% - < 67.5% 5, 186 26.5 7, 472 27.3 1, 232 19.8 2, 363 20.1
   67.5% - < 77.3% 4, 408 22.5 6, 433 23.5 1, 812 29.1 3, 585 30.5
   > 77.3% 3, 958 20.2 5, 738 20.9 2, 221 35.6 4, 322 36.8
Percent adults with ≥ college graduationc
   < 5.8% 5, 423 27.7 7, 136 26.0 1, 339 21.5 2, 340 19.9
   5.8 - < 10.3% 4, 963 25.4 6, 828 24.9 1, 466 23.5 2, 987 25.4
   10.3 - < 17.1% 4, 450 22.7 7, 003 25.5 1, 572 25.2 3, 195 27.2
   > 17.1% 4, 725 24.2 6, 445 23.5 1, 854 29.8 3, 234 27.5
Percent households owner occupied
   < 43% 6, 304 32.2 7, 659 27.9 1, 025 16.5 1, 243 10.6
   43 - < 63% 5, 408 27.6 7, 298 26.6 1, 329 21.3 2, 237 19.0
   63 - < 80% 4, 505 23.0 6, 840 25.0 1, 566 25.1 3, 311 28.2
   > 80% 3, 344 17.1 5, 615 20.5 2, 311 37.1 4, 965 42.2
Median owner-occupied household value
   < $44, 300 5, 570 28.5 7, 713 28.1 1, 049 16.8 1, 875 15.9
   $44, 300 - < $57, 300 5, 187 26.5 7, 593 27.7 1, 136 18.2 2, 177 18.5
   $57, 300 - < $77, 400 4, 598 23.5 6, 589 24.0 1, 768 28.4 3, 438 29.2
   > $77, 400 4, 206 21.5 5, 517 20.1 2, 278 36.6 4, 266 36.3
Percent households with interest, dividends, or net rental income
   < 8.0% 6, 606 33.8 8, 459 30.9 541 8.7 622 5.3
   8.0 - < 14.7% 5, 714 29.2 7, 954 29.0 958 15.4 1, 623 13.8
   14.7 - < 24.1% 4, 104 21.0 6, 483 23.7 1, 880 30.2 3, 763 32.0
   > 24.1% 3, 137 16.0 4, 516 16.5 2, 852 45.8 5, 748 48.9
Percent employed
   < 49.5% 5, 990 30.6 7, 525 27.5 993 15.9 1, 712 14.6
   49.5% - < 56.9% 5, 142 26.3 7, 459 27.2 1, 265 20.3 2, 389 20.3
   56.9% - < 64.1% 4, 352 22.2 6, 384 23.3 1, 835 29.4 3, 673 31.2
   > 64.1% 4, 077 20.8 6, 044 22.0 2, 138 34.3 3, 982 33.9
Percent employed in management, professional, and related occupations
   < 15.1% 5, 654 28.9 7, 346 26.8 1, 220 19.6 2, 043 17.4
   15.1 - < 21.2% 4, 804 24.6 7, 060 25.8 1, 480 23.8 2, 873 24.4
   21.2 - < 28.3% 4, 729 24.2 6, 858 25.0 1, 544 24.8 3, 108 26.4
   > 28.3% 4, 374 22.4 6, 148 22.4 1, 987 31.9 3, 732 31.7
Neighborhood advantage summary score
   < -4.2 5, 074 25.9 6, 460 23.6 612 9.8 850 7.2
   -4.2 - < -1.9 4, 472 22.9 6, 194 22.6 836 13.4 1, 486 12.6
   -1.9 - < 0.4 3, 709 19.0 5, 628 20.5 1, 183 19.0 2, 472 21.0
   0.4 - < 3.7 3, 168 16.2 4, 895 17.9 1, 656 26.6 3, 273 27.8
   > 3.7 3, 138 16.0 4, 235 15.4 1, 944 31.2 3, 675 31.3
  1. aIndividual-level characteristics were obtained from the baseline SCCS interview
  2. bNeighborhood-level characteristics were obtained from the 2000 US census for block groups. All census measures (except percent poverty and neighborhood advantage summary score) were categorized into quartiles based on the distribution of the entire sample
  3. cAmong adults age 25 and older