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Table 4 School and individual effects on suicide-risk at age 15, unadjusted and fully adjusted models

From: Do schools differ in suicide risk? the influence of school and neighbourhood on attempted suicide, suicidal ideation and self-harm among secondary school pupils

Predictor Suicide risk Unadjusted OR p Suicide risk Adjusted OR p
Prior mental health risk
Age 11-Depression 1.13 (1.08-1.18) < 0.001 1.09 (1.04-1.15) < 0.001
Age 11-Psych service (no)
   Yes 2.44 (1.15-5.15) 0.020 2.28 (0.99-5.27) 0.054
   Missing 1.76 (1.11-2.80) 0.017 2.63 (0.58-11.96) 0.210
Age 11-Victimised (never)
   Less often 1.28 (0.88-1.86) 0.193 1.03 (0.69-1.54) 0.902
   Weekly 2.01 (1.30-3.11) 0.002 1.39 (0.84-2.30) 0.203
Social background
Gender (male)
   Female 2.66 (1.86-3.79) < 0.001 3.33 (2.22-4.99) < 0.001
Relative age (older than peers) 1.03 (0.98-1.08) 0.199 1.03 (0.98-1.08) 0.261
Social Class (I)
   II 0.71 (0.36-1.38) 0.309 0.56 (0.27-1.18) 0.129
   IIIn 0.61 (0.28-1.30) 0.202 0.36 (0.15-0.87) 0.023
   IIIm 0.67 (0.34-1.30) 0.234 0.41 (0.19-0.89) 0.025
   IV 0.62 (0.29-1.32) 0.212 0.38 (0.16-0.92) 0.032
   V 1.17 (0.50-2.70) 0.721 0.53 (0.20-1.40) 0.197
   Missing 0.77 (0.30-1.99) 0.588 0.31 (0.10-0.96) 0.042
Deprivation 1.03 (0.94-1.12) 0.551 0.98 (0.87-1.10) 0.710
Religion (Protestant)
   Catholic 1.47 (0.89-2.42) 0.135 0.51 (0.24-1.09) 0.084
   Other 0.84 (0.54-1.29) 0.416 0.39 (0.15-1.03) 0.058
   None 0.42 (0.16-1.07) 0.070 0.89 (0.51-1.55) 0.683
   Missing 0.99 (0.59-1.65) 0.965 0.53 (0.11-2.43) 0.411
Family (2-parent)
   Other 2.04 (1.30-3.21) 0.002 1.54 (0.92-2.57) 0.101
   1-Parent 1.43 (0.92-2.20) 0.109 1.13 (0.69-1.85) 0.633
Parental control 1.28 (1.16-1.41) < 0.001 1.08 (0.96-1.21) 0.180
Parental care 0.74 (0.67-0.81) < 0.001 0.85 (0.76-0.96) 0.009
School connectedness
Age 11-engagement 1.01 (0.83-1.23) 0.922 1.00 (0.80-1.24) 0.983
Environment (poorer) 1.08 (1.04-1.12) < 0.001 1.03 (0.98-1.08) 0.303
Involvement (poorer) 1.21 (1.11-1.31) < 0.001 1.04 (0.92-1.17) 0.547
(Dis)engagement (poorer) 1.30 (1.19-1.41) < 0.001 1.18 (1.05-1.32) 0.006
T/P relations (poorer) 1.36 (1.17-1.57) < 0.001 1.09 (0.89-1.32) 0.419
Neighbourhood perception
Neigh'd cohesion (poorer) 1.23 (1.05-1.45) 0.009 1.02 (0.85-1.21) 0.843
Neigh'd safety/civility (poorer) 1.24 (1.05-1.46) 0.010 1.05 (0.86-1.28) 0.641
Neigh'd facilities (poorer) 1.11 (0.94-1.32) 0.224 0.91 (0.76-1.10) 0.352
School level variables
Overall (avg) ethos (poorer) 1.24 (1.00-1.55) 0.055 1.07 (0.80-1.42) 0.660
School roll (quintiles) 1.08 (0.96-1.22) 0.204 1.05 (0.92-1.21) 0.451
School rating (poorer) 1.39 (0.96-2.02) 0.081 1.65 (1.10-2.47) 0.016
Denomination 0.95 (0.65-1.38) 0.776 1.89 (0.95-3.78) 0.071
Cross-level interaction
Mismatch between religion and school denomination 2.09 (1.01-4.31) 0.047 - -
  1. Significant odds ratios are emboldened
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