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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of kathoy surveyed in Luang Prabang, Vientiane, and Savannakhet, Laos (November 2004 and June 2006)

From: Increasing safer sexual behavior among Lao kathoy through an integrated social marketing approach

  2004 total (n= 288) 2006 total (n= 415) P-Value
Type of transgender n %   %  
Transgendered MMa 130 45.5 197 47.5 .543
Transgendered MWb 158 55.5 218 52.5 .543
Age n % n %  
15-20 years old 132 45.8 193 46.5 .414
21-25 years old 87 30.2 136 32.8 .355
26-30 years old 41 14.2 61 14.7 .851
31-35 years old 28 9.7 25 6.0 .965
  Mean = 22.4 years old Mean = 21.8 years old .213
Education n % n %  
Never attended school 0 0 1 0.2 .405
Primary school 24 8.3 20 4.8 .059
Lower secondary school 83 28.8 133 32.0 .362
Upper secondary school 121 42.0 193 46.5 .239
Higher than secondary school 60 20.8 68 16.4 .133
Marital status n % n %  
Not married 286 99.3 412 99.3 .666
Average monthly incomec n %   n  
200,000 kip or less 80 27.8 57 13.7 <.001
200,001 kip to 600,000 kip 128 44.4 209 50.4 .123
600,001 kip to 1,000,000 kip 37 12.8 79 19.0 .030
1,000,001 kip to 3,000,000 kip 34 11.8 63 15.2 .202
3,000,001 kip or higher 9 3.1 7 1.7 .209
  Mean = 741,194 kip Mean = 812,246 kip  
Occupation n %   n  
Student 69 24.0 87 21.0 .348
Hairdresser/beauty salon employee 63 21.9 99 23.9 .540
Merchant/small shop owner 49 17.0 76 18.3 .658
Construction worker 13 4.5 27 6.5 .263
Waiter 13 4.5 22 5.3 .638
Guesthouse/hotel employee 8 2.8 9 2.2 .606
Teacher 7 2.4 4 1.0 .124
Government worker 6 2.1 9 2.2 .939
Army soldier 1 0.3 0 0 .230
Other 2 0.6 22 5.3 .638
Unemployed 57 19.8 60 14.5 .062
  1. aTransgendered MM are defined as biological males who identify as female, but in appearance are male
  2. bTransgendered MW are defined as biological males who identify as female, and in appearance are female
  3. c10,000 kip is equivalent to approximately US$ 1