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Table 8 Prevalence estimates and associations for health and functioning

From: Identifying socio-demographic and socioeconomic determinants of health inequalities in a diverse London community: the South East London Community Health (SELCoH) study

   Limitations for social functioning   
  Prevalence (95%CI) Unadjusted RRR†† (95%CI) Adjusted RRR††† (95%CI)
Health Indicators Most or all of
the time
Some of
the time
Most or all of
the time
Some of
the time
Most or all of
the time
Some of
the time
Common mental disorder       
   Yes 25.2 (20.4-29.9) 48.9 (43.8-54.2) 27.5 (17.1-44.4)*** 7.5 (5.7-9.9)*** 22.3 (13.0-38.2)*** 6.9 (5.0-9.4)***
   No 2.7 (1.8-3.7) 19.5 (17.2-21.9)     
Hazardous alcohol use       
   Yes 8.0 (4.6-11.4) 34.0 (28.2-39.8) 1.2 (0.7-1.9) 1.6 (1.2-2.1)** 2.3 (1.2-4.4)** 1.4 (1.0-1.9)*
   No 7.9 (6.3-9.5) 25.1 (22.7-27.6)     
Fair or poor general health       
   Yes 25.4 (19.9-30.9) 37.5 (31.5-43.4) 12.2 (7.9-18.8)*** 3.0 (2.2-4.1)*** 8.4 (5.2-13.6)*** 3.2 (2.2-4.5)***
   No 4.0 (2.9-5.1) 24.0 (21.5-26.4)     
Long standing illness       
   Yes 13.8 (11.0-16.6) 28.6 (24.9-32.2) 5.0 (3.3-7.7)*** 1.4 (1.1-1.8)** 3.8 (2.3-6.4)*** 1.8 (1.3-2.4)***
   No 3.4 (2.2-4.6) 24.9 (22.0-27.8)     
   Physical health limits functioning   
Health Indicators Prevalence (95%CI)   Unadjusted OR
(95%CI)
Adjusted OR (95%CI)   
Common mental disorder       
   Yes 45.2 (39.9-50.4)   4.9 (3.7-6.4)*** 5.3 (3.8-7.2)***   
   No 14.5 (12.4-16.7)   1.0 1.0   
Hazardous alcohol use       
   Yes 18.7 (13.8-23.6)   0.8 (0.6-1.1) 1.2 (0.8-1.8)   
   No 22.3 (19.8-24.9)   1.0 1.0   
Fair or poor general health       
   Yes 56.3 (50.2-62.4)   8.2 (6.1-10.9)*** 6.6 (4.7-9.2)***   
   No 13.6 (11.7-15.6)   1.0 1.0   
Long standing illness       
   Yes 38.8 (34.9-42.8)   7.2 (5.4-9.7)*** 4.9 (3.5-6.9)***   
   No 8.1 (6.3-9.9)   1.0 1.0   
   Emotional health limits functioning   
Health Indicators Prevalence (95%CI)   Unadjusted OR
(95%CI)
Adjusted OR (95%CI)   
Common mental disorder       
   Yes 50.6 (45.3-55.9)   17.7 (12.7-24.8)*** 15.4 (10.6-22.5)***   
   No 5.5 (4.1-6.8)   1.0 1.0   
Hazardous alcohol use       
   Yes 21.4 (16.4-26.3)   1.5 (1.1-2.1)* 1.7 (1.2-2.5)**   
   No 15.3 (13.2-17.3)   1.0 1.0   
Fair or poor general health       
   Yes 35.5 (29.6-41.4)   4.1 (3.0-5.7)*** 3.7 (2.6-5.2)***   
   No 11.7 (9.9-13.5)   1.0 1.0   
Long standing illness       
   Yes 21.6 (18.3-24.9)   2.0 (1.5-2.7)*** 2.2 (1.6-3.1)***   
   No 11.9 (9.9-14.0)   1.0 1.0   
  1. Weighted percentages to account for survey design; frequencies are unweighted and may not add up due to missing values.
  2. Adjusted for gender, age (continuous), ethnicity, relationship status, employment status, household income and housing tenure; economically inactive includes: student, permanent sick/disabled, temporary sick, retired, looking after the home children
  3. ††Relative risk ratios derived from multinomial (polytomous) logistic regression; social functioning limited none of the time is the reference group
  4. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001