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Table 5 Prevalence estimates and odds ratios (OR) for having a long standing illness

From: Identifying socio-demographic and socioeconomic determinants of health inequalities in a diverse London community: the South East London Community Health (SELCoH) study

  n N Prevalence (95%CI) p-value‡ Unadjusted OR (95%CI)
Demographic Indicators      
Total sample    44.9 (42.4-47.6)   
Gender      
   Female 394 953 46.1 (42.8-49.4) 0.17 1.1 (0.9-1.4)
   Male 279 735 42.8 (39.0-46.5)   1.0
Ethnic group      
   White British 439 1048 47.2 (43.9-50.5) 0.05 1.0
   Black-Caribbean 56 142 44.9 (36.7-53.3)   0.9 (0.6-1.3)
   Black-African 73 230 35.2 (28.3-42.0)   0.6 (0.4-0.8)**
   Asian 24 63 42.9 (28.9-56.8)   0.8 (0.5-1.5)
   Other 80 203 44.4 (37.0-51.8)   0.9 (0.6-1.2)
Age (years)      
   16-24 80 356 23.2 (19.1-27.3) < 0.001 1.0
   25-34 83 402 20.6 (16.4-24.7)   0.9 (0.6-1.2)
   35-44 123 336 37.4 (32.0-42.9)   1.9 (1.4-2.8)***
   45-54 138 259 54.3 (48.1-60.6)   3.9 (2.8-5.6)***
   55-64 109 161 69.0 (61.7-76.3)   7.4 (4.9-11.1)***
   65+ 140 174 79.9 (73.9-85.9)   13.1 (8.5-20.3)***
Relationship status      
   Never married 212 674 34.2 (30.4-37.9) < 0.001 1.0
   Married/cohabiting 320 782 45.6 (41.7-49.5)   1.6 (1.3-2.0)***
   Divorced/separated 103 179 61.1 (53.8-68.5)   3.0 (2.1-4.3)***
   Widowed 38 53 73.6 (61.7-85.6)   5.4 (2.8-10.2)***
Borough      
   Southwark 360 845 41.6 (38.0-45.2) 0.01 1.3 (1.1-1.6)**
   Lambeth 313 843 48.3 (44.6-52.0)   1.0
Socioeconomic Indicators      
Educational attainment      
   No qualifications 146 224 70.0 (64.0-76.0) < 0.001 4.3 (3.1-5.9) ***
   Up to GCSE level 144 329 50.2 (44.6-55.9)   1.9 (1.4-2.5) ***
   Advanced level 146 426 36.8 (31.9-41.6)   1.1 (0.8-1.4)
   Higher degree or above 222 690 35.2 (31.5-38.9)   1.0
Social class      
   Non-manual 217 700 33.1 (29.4-36.9) < 0.001 1.0
   Manual 77 244 35.9 (29.4-42.6)   1.1 (0.8-1.6)
   No current occupation 362 708 57.2 (53.2-61.1)   2.7 (2.1-3.4) ***
Employment status      
   Full time 202 658 33.2 (29.3-37.1) < 0.001 1.0
   Part time/casual 90 259 38.9 (32.6-45.4)   1.3 (0.9-1.8)
   Student/student working 59 247 24.0 (18.8-29.2)   0.6 (0.5-0.9)**
   Unemployed 65 168 40.5 (32.8-48.3)   1.4 (0.9-2.0)
   Temporary and permanent sick 72 78 93.8 (88.8-98.8)   30.5 (12.8-72.9)***
   Retired 151 187 80.6 (74.8-86.4)   8.4 (5.5-12.7)***
   Home looking after children 31 82 39.8 (29.1-50.6)   1.3 (0.8-2.2)
Yearly household income      
   £0 - £5,475 76 137 59.7 (51.7-67.8) < 0.001 2.9 (2.1-4.3)***
   £5476 - £12,097 118 210 62.8 (55.9-69.6)   3.4 (2.4-4.8)***
   £12,098 - £20,753 91 203 49.9 (42.7-57.1)   2.0 (1.4-2.8)***
   £20,754 - £31,494 63 178 41.2 (33.4-49.1)   1.4 (0.9-2.0)
   £31,495 or more 218 701 33.2 (29.5-36.9)   1.0
Housing tenure      
   Own/mortgage 217 525 44.9 (40.5-49.5) < 0.001 1.0
   Rented 433 1052 47.3 (43.9-50.6)   1.1 (0.9-1.4)
   Rent free 23 109 21.1 (13.1-29.2)   0.3 (0.2-0.5)***
  1. Weighted percentages to account for survey design; frequencies are unweighted and may not add up due to missing values.
  2. ‡Pearson's χ2 test with Rao & Scott correction for survey data.
  3. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001