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Table 4 Prevalence estimates and odds ratios (OR) for fair or poor general health

From: Identifying socio-demographic and socioeconomic determinants of health inequalities in a diverse London community: the South East London Community Health (SELCoH) study

  n N Prevalence (95%CI) p-value‡ Unadjusted OR (95%CI) Test for trend
Demographic Indicators       
Total sample    19.2 (17.0-21.3)    
Gender       
   Female 185 954 21.5 (17.7-23.3) 0.05 1.3 (1.0-1.7)*  
   Male 111 734 16.5 (13.6-19.4)   1.0  
Ethnic group       
   White British 172 1049 17.6 (15.0-20.3) 0.01 1.00  
   Black-Caribbean 39 142 29.9 (21.6-38.3)   2.0 (1.3-3.1)**  
   Black-African 31 231 14.6 (9.5-19.6)   0.8 (0.5-1.2)  
   Asian 11 62 22.3 (8.6-36.1)   1.3 (0.6-3.0)  
   Other 42 202 23.6 (17.1-30.1)   1.4 (0.9-2.1)  
Age (years)       
   16-24 48 356 14.1 (10.3-17.9) < 0.001 1.0  
   25-34 41 404 10.3 (7.2-13.3)   0.7 (0.4-1.1)  
   35-44 50 336 15.3 (11.2-19.5)   1.1 (0.7-1.7)  
   45-54 69 260 27.7 (22.1-33.4)   2.3 (1.6-3.5)***  
   55-64 42 159 26.1 (18.6-33.6)   2.2 (1.3-3.6)**  
   65+ 46 173 26.8 (20.1-33.6)   2.2 (1.4-3.6)***  
Relationship status       
   Never married 111 677 17.3 (14.2-20.4) < 0.001 1.0  
   Married/cohabiting 120 779 16.8 (13.8-19.7)   0.9 (0.7-1.3)  
   Divorced/separated 51 179 30.1 (22.9-37.3)   2.1 (1.4-3.1)***  
   Widowed 14 53 27.1 (14.8-39.4)   1.8 (0.9-3.4)  
Borough       
   Southwark 157 844 17.9 (15.0-20.9) 0.26 1.2 (0.9-1.6)  
   Lambeth 139 844 20.4 (17.2-23.6)   1.0  
Socioeconomic Indicators       
Educational attainment       
   No qualifications 81 222 35.8 (28.9-42.6) < 0.001 4.8 (3.3-7.2) *** < 0.001
   Up to GCSE level 78 330 25.7 (20.4-30.9)   3.0 (2.1-4.4) ***  
   Advanced level 62 424 15.5 (11.7-19.2)   1.6 (1.1-2.4)*  
   Higher degree or above 67 693 10.3 (7.9-12.7)   1.0  
Social class       
   Non-manual 71 703 10.3 (7.9-12.7) < 0.001 1.0  
   Manual 33 244 14.4 (9.6-19.1)   1.5 (0.9-2.3)  
   No current occupation 186 704 28.4 (24.6-32.1)   3.4 (2.5-4.7) ***  
Employment status       
   Full time 72 662 11.4 (8.8-14.1) < 0.001 1.0  
   Part time/casual 30 259 11.4 (7.4-15.3)   1.0 (0.6-1.6)  
   Student/student working 26 247 10.8 (6.9-14.7)   0.9 (0.6-1.5)  
   Unemployed 42 169 26.3 (19.1-33.5)   2.8 (1.8-4.3)***  
   Temporary and permanent sick 59 78 78.0 (68.7-87.3)   27.6 (15.0-50.5)***  
   Retired 54 183 29.1 (22.4-35.8)   3.2 (2.1-4.9)***  
   Home looking after children 12 81 15.1 (7.2-22.9)   1.4 (0.7-2.7)  
Yearly household income       
   £0 - £5,475 54 137 40.7 (31.7-49.7) < 0.001 6.5 (4.1-10.2)*** < 0.001
   £5476 - £12,097 53 210 26.1 (19.8-32.4)   3.3 (2.2-5.1)***  
   £12,098 - £20,753 49 203 25.9 (19.3-32.6)   3.3 (2.2-5.1)***  
   £20,754 - £31,494 31 177 17.6 (11.1-24.1)   2.0 (1.2-3.4)**  
   £31,495 or more 64 703 9.6 (7.2-11.8)   1.0  
Housing tenure       
   Own/mortgage 54 523 11.1 (8.1-14.1) < 0.001 1.0  
   Rented 225 1051 23.8 (20.8-26.7)   2.5 (1.8-3.5)***  
   Rent free 17 111 16.1 (8.8-23.3)   1.5 (0.8-2.9)  
  1. Weighted percentages to account for survey design; frequencies are unweighted and may not add up due to missing values.
  2. ‡Pearson's χ2 test with Rao & Scott correction for survey data.
  3. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001