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Table 3 Prevalence estimates and odds ratios (OR) for hazardous alcohol use (≥8 on the AUDIT)

From: Identifying socio-demographic and socioeconomic determinants of health inequalities in a diverse London community: the South East London Community Health (SELCoH) study

  n N Prevalence (95%CI) p-value‡ Unadjusted OR (95%CI)
Demographic Indicators      
Total sample    15.7 (13.8-17.6)   
Gender      
   Female 120 959 11.3 (9.2-13.3) < 0.001 0.4 (0.3-0.5)***
   Male 193 739 24.6 (21.2-27.9)   1.0
Ethnic group      
   White British 261 1051 20.5 (17.9-23.2) < 0.001 1.0
   Black-Caribbean 6 143 3.8 (0.8-6.8)   0.2 (0.1-0.4)***
   Black-African 9 234 3.4 (1.2-5.7)   0.1 (0.1-0.3)***
   Asian 11 63 16.3 (6.9-25.6)   0.8 (0.4-1.5)
   Other 26 205 11.8 (7.2-16.4)   0.5 (0.3-0.8)***
Age (years)      
   16-24 83 356 22.7 (17.8-27.7) < 0.001 1.0
   25-34 98 404 22.7 (18.3-27.1)   1.0 (0.7-1.4)
   35-44 72 336 19.5 (15.1-23.9)   0.8 (0.6-1.2)
   45-54 33 264 11.2 (7.3-15.1)   0.4 (0.3-0.7)**
   55-64 20 163 10.2 (5.6-14.8)   0.4 (0.2-0.7)**
   65+ 7 175 3.3 (0.8-5.7)   0.1 (0.1-0.3)***
Relationship status      
   Never married 159 678 21.4 (17.9-24.9) 0.001 1.0
   Married/cohabiting 121 786 12.9 (10.5-15.3)   0.5 (0.4-0.7)***
   Divorced/separated 30 181 14.1 (9.2-19.0)   0.6 (0.4-0.9)*
   Widowed 3 53 4.8 (0.7-10.2)   0.2 (0.5-0.6)**
Borough      
   Southwark 150 851 16.3 (13.6-19.0) 0.53 0.9 (0.7-1.2)
   Lambeth 163 847 15.1 (12.4-17.8)   1.0
Socioeconomic Indicators      
Educational attainment      
   No qualifications 28 228 9.9 (5.9-13.9) < 0.001 0.4 (0.2-0.6)***
   Up to GCSE level 38 332 9.3 (6.4-12.2)   0.4 (0.3-0.5)***
   Advanced level 73 426 15.6 (11.9-19.3)   0.7 (0.5-0.9)**
   Higher degree or above 172 693 21.7 (18.5-24.9)   1.0
Social class      
   Non-manual 156 703 19.5 (16.5-22.6) 0.001 1.0
   Manual 28 244 9.8 (6.0-13.6)   0.4 (0.3-0.7)**
   No current occupation 119 714 13.9 (11.2-16.7)   0.7 (0.5-0.9)**
Employment status      
   Full time 157 662 21.0 (17.7-24.3) < 0.001 1.0
   Part time/casual 25 259 8.2 (5.0-11.4)   0.3 (0.2-0.5)***
   Student/student working 56 247 22.5 (16.1-28.8)   1.1 (0.7-1.6)
   Unemployed 36 170 20.6 (14.2-27.0)   0.9 (0.6-1.5)
   Temporary and permanent sick 17 81 16.7 (8.1-25.2)   0.8 (0.4-1.4)
   Retired 16 188 6.5 (3.3-9.8)   0.3 (0.1-0.5)***
   Home looking after children 5 82 6.3 (0.9-11.7)   0.3 (0.1-0.6)**
Yearly household income      
   £0 - £5,475 32 139 18.9 (12.5-25.3) < 0.001 0.8 (0.5-1.2)
   £5476 - £12,097 26 212 10.4 (6.5-14.4)   0.4 (0.2-0.6)***
   £12,098 - £20,753 16 203 6.5 (3.2-9.8)   0.2 (0.1-0.4)***
   £20,754 - £31,494 29 179 14.7 (9.5-19.8)   0.6 (0.4-0.9)**
   £31,495 or more 182 703 22.9 (19.6-26.2)   1.0
Housing tenure
Own/mortgage
88 525 13.9 (10.9-16.9) 0.36 1.0
   Rented 203 1058 16.4 (13.9-18.9)   1.2 (0.9-1.7)
   Rent free 22 112 18.3 (10.1-26.5)   1.4 (0.8-2.5)
  1. Weighted percentages to account for survey design; frequencies are unweighted and may not add up due to missing values.
  2. ‡Pearson's χ2 test with Rao & Scott correction for survey data.
  3. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001