Skip to main content

Table 4 Differences in the temporal changes of asthma and allergies prevalence in urban and rural areas between years 2000 and 2008

From: Temporal changes in the prevalence of childhood asthma and allergies in urban and rural areas of Cyprus: results from two cross sectional studies

  Year 2000 vs Year 2008  
  URBAN RESIDENCE RURAL RESIDENCE  
  OR
(CI)
P-Value
Unadjusted
OR
(CI)
P-Value
Adjusted*
OR
(CI)
P-Value
Unadjusted
OR
(CI)
P-Value
Adjusted*
Effect modification§
Ever Wheeze 1.40
(1.21-1.62)
P <0.01
1.33
(1.13-1.55)
P <0.01
1.55
(1.25-1.94)
P <0.01
1.66
(1.30-2.13)
P <0.01
P = 0.35
Current Wheeze 1.11
(0.89-1.39)
P = 0.37
1.08
(0.84-1.37)
P = 0.56
1.84
(1.30-2.59)
P <0.01
1.81
(1.24-2.64)
P <0.01
P = 0.04
Diagnosis Asthma
Ever
1.50
(1.26-1.78)
P <0.01
1.39
(1.15-1.68)
P <0.01
2.04
(1.57-2.65)
P <0.01
2.20
(1.64-2.94)
P <0.01
P = 0.02
Severity of Asthma 1.41
(0.89-2.22)
P = 0.14
1.30
(0.80-2.11)
P = 0.29
2.67
(1.48-4.82)
p < 0.01
2.99
(1.54-5.58)
p < 0.01
P = 0.05
Current Eczema 1.45
(1.08-1.95)
P = 0.01
1.46
(1.07-2.00)
P = 0.02
1.06
(0.66-1.70)
P = 0.80
1.14
(0.68-1.89)
P = 0.62
P = 0.32
Diagnosis Eczema
Ever
2.33
(1.91-2.84)
P <0.01
2.05
(1.66-2.54)
P <0.01
1.79
(1.31-2.44)
P <0.01
1.58
(1.12-2.22)
P = 0.01
P = 0.14
Current Allergic
Rhinoconjuctivitis
1.01
(0.67-1.52)
P = 0.96
0.84
(0.54-1.29)
P = 0.42
1.93
(1.05-3.57)
P = 0.04
2.25
(1.16-4.37)
P = 0.02
P = 0.04
Diagnosis Rhinitis
Ever
1.66
(1.21-2.26)
P <0.01
1.54
(1.10-2.14)
P = 0.01
3.10
(1.88-5.11)
P <0.01
2.79
(1.64-4.75)
P <0.01
P = 0.07
  1. * Adjusted for sex, country of birth, district residence, family history of atopy, parental smoking at home, maternal smoking in pregnancy
  2. § Effect modification of the temporal changes in asthma and allergy outcomes in years 2000 and 2008 by urban and rural residence adjusting for sex, country of birth, district residence, family history of atopy, parental smoking at home and maternal smoking in pregnancy