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Table 3 Mean serum 25(OH)D levels between gender by age, municipal area, BMI and religion

From: Regional variation and determinants of vitamin D status in sunshine-abundant Thailand

Variables   25(OH)D (nmol/L)    
   Men Women p Total
Age (years) 15 - 29 79.3 ± 1.3 69.3 ± 1.1 <0.001 74.4 ± 0.9
  30 - 44 89.1 ± 1.7* 70.7 ± 1.2 a <0.001 79.9 ± 1.1*,, a
  45 - 59 86.5 ± 1.5*, 75.3 ± 1.2*, <0.001 80.6 ± 1.0*
  60 - 69 90.7 ± 1.3* 80.2 ± 1.1* <0.001 85.1 ± 1.0*
  70 - 79 95.0 ± 1.4* 83.8 ± 1.7* <0.001 88.6 ± 1.2* a
  > 80 96.9 ± 1.5* 80.7 ± 1.7* <0.001 88.2 ± 1.4* a
Municipal area rural 88.9 ± 1.1 75.8 ± 0.8 <0.001 82.3 ± 0.6
  urban 78.4 ± 1.6** 66.6 ± 1.1** <0.001 72.3 ± 1.3**
BMI (kg/m2) ≥ 25 84.1 ± 1.9 73.7 ± 1.1 <0.001 77.5 ± 1.1
  < 25 86.5 ± 1.1 72.6 ± 0.9 <0.001 80.3 ± 0.8***
Religion Muslim 81.9 ± 5.2 61.1 ± 4.2 = 0.001 69.0 ± 4.4
  non Muslim 86.0 ± 10**** 73.5 ± 0.7**** <0.001 79.7 ± 0.7****
  1. *Significantly different from age 15 -29 years (p < 0.001), **significantly different from rural (p < 0.001), *** significantly different from BMI ≥ 25 (p < 0.001), **** significantly different from Muslim (p < 0.05) asignificantly different from age > 80 years