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Table 3 Characteristics of the residential environments of participants

From: Good places for ageing in place: development of objective built environment measures for investigating links with older people's wellbeing

   % of participants or median/range Significant association with housing type?
Type of participant's dwelling General private housing 39.5 NA
  General social housing 15.5  
  Sheltered private housing 23.0  
  Sheltered social housing 22.0  
Form of participant's dwelling Detached house 8.5
  Detached bungalow 5.5  
  Semi-detached house 12.5  
  Semi-detached bungalow 6.0  
  Terraced house 22.0  
  Terraced bungalow 4.0  
  Converted flat 2.5  
  Purpose built low-rise flat 27.0  
  Purpose built high-rise flat (3+ storeys) 12.0  
Height of participant's dwelling 3+ storeys 29.0
  2 storeys 55.0  
  1 storey 13.0  
Approximate age of participant's dwelling Pre-1914 7.0
  1914-1939 15.0  
  1940-1969 13.5  
  1970-1989 35.5  
  1990+ 27.5  
Type of participant's street Main road in city/town 23.5
  High street in city, town or village 2.0  
  Residential street/square 35.0  
  Residential cul-de-sac 33.0  
  Open access mews/courtyard 3.0  
  Rural through street 2.5  
  Rural side street/lane 0.5  
  Other 0.5  
Shape of participant's street Straight 41.5
  Gentle curve 21.5  
  Serpentine 9.5  
  Tight curve 2.0  
  Loop 5.5  
  Cul-de-sac 18.5  
  Crescent 1.0  
  Square 0.5  
Topography of participant's street Flat 53.5 X
  Gently sloping without steps 28.5  
  Gently sloping with steps 0.5  
  Steep (over 5% or 1 in 20) 11.5  
  without steps 0.5  
  Steep (over 5% or 1 in 20) with steps 5.5  
  Undulating   
Pedestrian/traffic segregation on participant's street No footway - roadway only 8.5
  Shared surface e.g. Home Zone 1.0  
  Delineated non-raised footway 1.0  
  Raised footway 80.5  
  Raised footway/vegetation 7.5  
  Raised footway divided between pedestrians and cyclists 0.5  
  Raised footway/cycle lane on road 0.5  
  Pedestrianised 1.0  
Extent of "eyes on the streets" on participant's street Large amount 34.0
  Moderate amount 46.5  
  Small amount 14.5  
  Great variety along the street 5.0  
Extent of variety of built form on participant's street Generally uniform 47.0
  Fairly varied 31.0  
  Greatly varied 22.0  
Size of block participant's house is situated in Very large block (≥250 m) 60.0
  Large block (151-249 m) 20.0  
  Medium block (91-150 m) 11.0  
  Short block (≤ 90 m) 4.0  
  Not applicable 5.0  
Predominant setback of buildings from street Zero setback 3.5
  ≤2 m 10.5  
  > 2 m/< 5 m 44.0  
  ≥5 m 19.5  
  Varied 22.5  
Residential location Major city/town centre 7.5
  Major city/town district 22.5  
  Major city/town suburban/edge 26.0  
  Large town centre 6.5  
  Large town suburban/edge 15.0  
  Small town 9.5  
  Village 13.0  
Predominant block size within 300 m radius Very large blocks (≥250 m) 31.0
  Large blocks (151-249 m) 23.0  
  Medium blocks (91-150 m) 14.5  
  Short blocks (≤ 90 m) 26.0  
  Varied 0.5  
  Not applicable 5.0  
Predominant street pattern within 300 m radius Regular geometric grid 9.0
  Distorted grid 35.0  
  Curvilinear (looped) 15.0  
  Cul-de-sac (tree pattern) 13.0  
  Radial 8.0  
  Ribbon 6.5  
  No discernible pattern 13.5  
Predominant mix of uses within 300 m radius Residential 22.0
  Residential with occasional other uses 39.5  
  Fine grain mix of residential and non-residential usesClusters of residential and 14.5  
  non-residential 24.0  
Density of built-up area within 300 m radius Very high density 2.0
  High density 24.5  
  Moderate density 50.5  
  Low density 15.5  
  Very low density 7.0  
  Mixed 0.5  
General extent of natural surveillance within 300 m radius Large amount 19.0
  Moderate amount 57.5  
  Small amount 11.0  
  Great variety of level of surveillance throughout the neighbourhood 12.5  
General level of legibility within 300 m radius Very large amount 7.5 x
  Large amount 30.0  
  Moderate amount 38.0  
  Small amount 21.5  
  Very small amount 3.0  
General amount of traffic within 300 m radius Heavy 25.0
  Medium 49.5  
  Light 25.5  
General amount of greenery within the 300 m radius Very large amount 7.0
  Large amount 37.5  
  Moderate amount 36.0  
  Small amount 17.5  
  Very small amount 2.0  
Motorised traffic level (number of vehicles over 2 minutes) in participant's street Median 1
  Minimum 0  
  Maximum 55  
Total amount of open space within 300 m radius (ha) Median 3.39 X
  Minimum 0.00  
  Maximum 29.10  
Total number of junctions within 300 m radius Median 23
  Minimum 3  
  Maximum 332