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Table 3 Comparison of baseline characteristics between high-risk and low-risk waist circumference at baselinea

From: Participant characteristics associated with greater reductions in waist circumference during a four-month, pedometer-based, workplace health program

  Low-risk WC
(Mean ± SD or Percentage)
High-risk WC
(Mean ± SD or Percentage)
P-value
n 251 288 -
WORKPLACE CHARACTERISTICS b
Public ownership (vs. private) 32.7 43.1 <0.001
Inner city location (vs. outer city) 70.9 67.7 0.4
DEMOGRAPHICS    
Age (year) 38 ± 10 43 ± 10 <0.001
Male 52.2 35.8 <0.001
Socio Economic Status (by SEIFA)    
Most Advantaged 37.5 33.1 0.3
Advantaged 40.6 42.5  
Disadvantaged 15.9 18.1  
Most Disadvantaged 6.0 6.3  
Completion of tertiary education 81.6 76.0 0.2
Occupation    
Professional 50.7 40.2 0.022
Associate professional 19.2 20.3  
Manager 17.9 21.1  
Clerical or Service 12.2 18.4  
Marital Status    
Married or de facto 67.5 69.9 0.6
Widowed, separated or divorced 8.1 9.1  
Never married 24.4 21.0  
BASELINE MEASURES    
Prior GCC® Participationc 21.54 24.83 0.06
Motivation for Participation c
Health 56.7 76.6 <0.001
To look my best 43.3 72.7 <0.001
Fitness 60.8 73.1 0.038
Colleagues 58.4 55.6 0.4
Friends or family 2.5 2.5 1.0
Behavioural Measures    
Self reported hypertension 10.3 24.6 0.001
Self reported diabetes 2.1 8.4 0.001
Fruit Intake (meeting guidelines) 28.5 34.3 0.5
Vegetable Intake (meeting guidelines) 14.2 14.7 0.9
Takeaway Dinner    
Once or less per month 46.3 46.2 0.9
About once a week 39.4 40.9  
More than once a week 14.2 12.9  
Alcohol (meeting guidelines) 39.8 44.4 0.1
Non tobacco smoker 92.7 88.8 0.2
Physical Activity (meeting guidelines) 41.2 37.8 0.018
Sitting Time (hrs per day)    
Weekday 8.3 ± 3.6 8.2 ± 3.6 0.8
Weekend 5.7 ± 3.1 4.0 ± 2.6 0.001
Physical Measures    
Systolic Blood Pressure (mmHg) 116.1 ± 14.0 120.9 ± 15.0 0.010
Diastolic Blood Pressure (mmHg) 77.2 ± 10.0 81.8 ± 10.1 0.001
Blood Pressure (meeting guidelines) 86.1 79.5 0.036
Heart rate (beats per minute) 67.3 ± 10.2 69.5 ± 9.3 0.007
Weight (kg) 68.7 ± 11.1 84.1 ± 15.4 <0.001
Body Mass Index (kg/m2) 23.6 ± 2.4 29.2 ± 4.5 <0.001
Body Mass Index (meeting guidelines) 69.1 17.4 <0.001
Waist circumference (cm) 79.4 ± 8.1 95.2 ± 10.2 <0.001
Waist circumference (meeting guidelines) 100.0 0.0 <0.001
Biomedical Measures (fasting)    
Total Cholesterol (mmol/L) 4.8 ± 0.9 5.0 ± 1.0 0.1
Total Cholesterol (meeting guidelines) 75.6 68.8 0.025
Glucose (mmol/L) 4.9 ± 0.7 5.2 ± 1.1 0.004
Glucose (meeting guidelines) 99.2 93.7 0.025
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.0 ± 0.5 1.3 ± 1.0 0.003
Triglycerides (meeting guidelines) 85.6 74.4 <0.001
Predicted risk scores    
Cardiovascular disease risk (next 10 years)    
CVD risk 2.9 ± 4.2 5.5 ± 5.2 0.001
High-risk 0.00 2.62 0.002
Intermediate-risk 5.06 12.36  
Diabetes risk (next 5 years)    
Diabetes risk 5.5 ± 3.3 9.3 ± 5.1 <0.001
High-risk 2.5 15.8 <0.001
Intermediate-risk 42.2 60.7  
PROCESS MEASURES    
Step data    
Steps average (per day) 11815 ± 3661 11491 ± 3690 0.5
Meeting 10,000 steps average (per day) 67.6 66.0 0.8
FOUR-MONTH MEASURES    
Waist circumference (cm) 79.3 ± 8.8 92.3 ± 11.32 <0.001
Waist circumference (meeting guidelines) 91.2 22.9 <0.001
  1. aIn participants who attended both baseline and four-month follow-up data collections.
  2. b The reference group for this binary variable is shown in brackets. The reference group data is not shown.
  3. c The reference group for this binary variable is 'no'. The reference group data is not shown