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Table 2 Characteristics of 178 infant deaths with medical record information, by district, 2004-2006

From: A retrospective follow up study on maternal age and infant mortality in two Sicilian districts

Variable Messina (N = 70) Palermo (N = 108) p-value
  %  
Gestational age  
Term 10.3 17.2 0.25
Preterm 89.7 82.8  
Residency  
City 42.9 51.8 0.24
Suburbs 57.1 48.2  
Type of delivery  
Spontaneous 27.1 19.4 0.41
Caesarean 47.1 53.7  
Not Specified 25.7 26.8  
Malformations  
Yes 25.7 43.1 0.02
No 74.3 56.9  
Birth weight  
<1500 Very Low Birth Weight 64.5 60.8 0.96
1500-2499 Low Birth Weight 14.5 21.5  
>2500 Normal Weight 21 17.7  
Cause of death categories  
Respiratory diseases 12.9 13 0.02
Congenital Cardiac diseases 14.3 16.7  
Other malformations and congenital pathologies 8.6 24.1  
Preterm and prematurity 44.3 21.3  
Cerebro-vascular anomalies 10 11.1  
Others (sepsis, cancer, etc) 10 13.9  
Maternal Age  
<25 5.7 5.6 0.02
25-29 11.4 12.4  
30-34 34.3 17.4  
35-39 14.3 7.3  
> = 40 14.3 3.9  
Not Specified 7.9 14.0  
Neonatal Intensive Care Unit  
Presence*  
Yes 89.7 78.6 0.06
No 10.3 21.4  
Admission to   
Yes 97.1 90.1 0.13
No 2.9 9.9  
  1. *Presence of the NICU in the hospital of delivery