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Table 4 Hierarchical multivariate linear regression with generalized estimating equation analysis for brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) changes in 1518 subjects during a 3-year follow up

From: Metabolic syndrome is associated with change in subclinical arterial stiffness - A community-based Taichung Community Health Study

  Estimate (95% CI)
MetS† components Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5
Elevated blood pressure 32.3*
(6.2~58.3)
29.2*
(3.4~55.0)
29.8*
(4.1~55.6)
28.2*
(2.5~53.9)
28.3*
(2.5~54.0)
Elevated fasting glucose   51.6***
(31.7~71.4)
52.5***
(32.5~72.6)
51.5***
(31.5~71.5)
51.4***
(31.3~71.4)
Central obesity    -9.5 (-30.9~11.9) -11.1
(-32.6~10.4)
-11.3
(-32.8~10.2)
Elevated triglyceride     20.8
(-1.8~43.4)
20.2
(-2.6~43.0)
Low HDL cholesterol      2.7
(-16.9~22.3)
  1. CI, confidence interval.
  2. MetS, metabolic syndrome; HDL, high-density lipoprotein
  3. All models were adjusted for age, gender, education, smoking status at baseline, time-dependent hypertension medication, and time-dependent mean arterial pressure.
  4. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001