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Table 3 Present value of savings per family from a parenting programme over 25 years (base case)

From: Costs and longer-term savings of parenting programmes for the prevention of persistent conduct disorder: a modelling study

Budget Present value % of savings
National Health Service £2,195 13%
Social Services Department £109 1%
Department for Education £690 4%
Criminal Justice Service £2,842 17%
Public sector total £5,837 36%
Voluntary sector £27 0%
Lost output (crime) £2,197 13%
Victim costs (crime)* £7,468 45%
Other crime costs** £906 6%
Other sectors/individuals total £10,598 64%
Total savings £16,435
Intervention cost   
   - Group provision only £952
   - 80% group, 20% individual provision £1,177
   - Individual provision only £2,078
Net present value of savings to public sector (to society)   
   - Group provision only £4,885 (£15,483)
   - 80% group, 20% individual provision £4,660 (£15,258)
   - Individual provision only £3,759 (£14,357)
  1. * Intangibles
  2. ** Includes: costs in anticipation of crime, property damage and victim services