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Table 4 Correlations between independent variables (infant mortality rate and non-communicable disease mortality rate) and several predictor variables

From: Diet and mortality rates in Sub-Saharan Africa: Stages in the nutrition transition

Independent Variable-Infant Mortality Rate r** P-Value
Stunting 0.41 0.01
Underweight-for-Age* 0.49 0.02
Low birth weight 0.31 0.06
Exclusive breastfeeding -0.33 0.05
HIV prevalence* -0.21 0.20
PPP 0.41 0.02
Energy -0.34 0.04
Protein -0.44 0.01
Energy from protein -0.35 0.04
Fat -0.14 0.53
Energy from fat 0.03 0.83
Carbohydrates -0.31 0.08
Energy from carbohydrates 0.08 0.60
  1. * Spearman's Rank Correlation (non-normal data)
  2. ** r is a measure of the linear relationship between IMR and the independent variables
  3. Statistically significant at p < 0.05