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Table 3 Time trends by gender and age group in leisure time physical activity and physical fitness between 1987 and 2006

From: Time trends in leisure time physical activity and physical fitness in elderly people: 20 year follow-up of the Spanish population national health survey (1987-2006)

WOMEN   Age group SNHS 1987 SNHS 1993 SNHS 95-97 SNHS 2001 SNHS 2003 SNHS 2006 P-value*
  Leisure time physical activity+ 65-79 13.3 28.2 36.8 40.4 36.4 59.2 < 0.001
   ≥ 80 9.1 23.1 26.0 26.9 18.3 40.3 < 0.001
   Total 12.7 24.2 35.1 38.2 32.1 54.6 < 0.001
  Walking up 10 step+ 65-79 NA 86.5 87.9 87.6 88.2 85.6 0.056
   ≥ 80 NA 68.4 70.7 71.2 61.6 66.4 0.108
   Total NA 83.8 85.3 85.0 81.8 80.9 0.401
  Walking for one hour+ 65-79 NA 77.8 75.8 79.0 78.5 75.5 0.065
   ≥ 80 NA 53.6 44.4 53.5 42.6 45.3 0.385
   Total NA 74.2 71.0 75.0 70.0 68.1 0.172
MEN Leisure time physical activity 65-79 26.6 45.2 56.7 60.5 45.0 73.0 < 0.001
   ≥ 80 18.9 49.0 41.7 46.8 33.1 58.4 < 0.001
   Total 25.5 46.0 53.9 58.4 42.6 69.6 < 0.001
  Walking up 10 step 65-79 NA 92.9 93.8 94.5 92.6 91.0 0.158
   ≥ 80 NA 80.5 82.5 82.9 77.0 74.7 0.502
   Total NA 91.4 91.8 92.7 89.6 87.3 0.056
  Walking for one hour 65-79 NA 87.7 88.6 88.3 87.8 84.7 0.072
   ≥ 80 NA 75.3 66.2 70.6 65.7 61.2 0.248
   Total NA 86.3 84.8 85.7 83.4 79.4 0.066
  1. P value for association between the prevalence of study variables and the SNHS (multivariate regression models)/NA: Not available.
  2. + Significant differences in the total prevalence of study variables between women and men