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Table 3 Mediation by stressors and resources of the education-health behaviours relationships.

From: Stressors and resources mediate the association of socioeconomic position with health behaviours

Dependent variable
Mediating variables
Association between education and mediator (a) Association between mediator and health behaviour (b) Direct association (c') Indirect association (a*b) 95% CI for a*b Total association (c)
Exercise    4.90    11.81**
   Financial stress -0.12** -17.65*   2.20 0.73, 3.77  
   Perceived health status -0.08** -44.27**   3.36 2.05, 4.95  
   Psychological distress -0.04** 6.08   -0.23 -1.17, 0.62  
   Perceived control 0.06** 11.00   0.61 -0.55, 1.85  
   Social support 0.06** 16.26+   1.00 0.19, 1.94  
   Social cohesion 0.05** -0.38   -0.02 -0.74, 0.67  
Vegetable consumption    0.36**    0.41**
   Financial stress -0.12** 0.04   -0.01 -0.03, 0.01  
   Perceived health status -0.08** -0.36**   0.03 0.01, 0.05  
   Psychological distress -0.04** 0.18   -0.01 -0.02, 0.00  
   Perceived control 0.06** 0.33+   0.02 0.00, 0.04  
   Social support 0.06** 0.15   0.01 0.00, 0.02  
   Social cohesion 0.05** 0.23*   0.01 0.00, 0.02  
Breakfast frequency    0.26**    0.41**
   Financial stress -0.16** -0.46**   0.08 0.05, 0.11  
   Perceived health status -0.11** -0.30*   0.03 0.01, 0.06  
   Psychological distress -0.06** 0.07   0.00 -0.03, 0.02  
   Perceived control 0.08** -0.29+   -0.02 -0.05, 0.00  
Social support 0.09** 0.68**   0.06 0.04, 0.08  
   Social cohesion 0.05** 0.17   0.01 0.00, 0.02  
Smoking    -1.14**    -1.45**
   Financial stress -0.12** 1.74**   -0.22 -0.32, -0.14  
   Perceived health status -0.08** 1.06*   -0.08 -0.14, -0.03  
   Psychological distress -0.04** 0.52   -0.02 -0.07, 0.03  
   Perceived control 0.06** 1.33*   0.07 0.02, 0.14  
   Social support 0.06** -0.89+   -0.05 -0.12, -0.01  
   Social cohesion 0.05** -0.16   -0.01 -0.03, 0.02  
  1. + p < .05; * p < .01; ** p < .001
  2. All analyses were controlled for age, gender, ethnicity, neighbourhood of residence, and chronic disease status.