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Table 4 Articles featuring specified diagnosis and primary story theme groups with Mantel-Haenszel chi-squared test for trend.a, b

From: Newspaper coverage of mental illness in the UK, 1992-2008

  Year   
  1992 (n =321) 2000 (n =433) 2008 (n =607) Trend
  % n % n % n χ2 (d.f. = 1) P
No diagnosis specified 39 124 24 102 31 189   
   Bad news 76 94 73 74 48 91 26.653 < 0.001
   Understanding mental illness 6 8 14 14 24 45 17.096 < 0.001
   Services and advocacy 18 22 14 14 28 53 5.692 0.017
Depression 28 91 34 149 37 226   
   Bad news 38 35 32 47 28 63 3.287 0.070
   Understanding mental illness 46 42 59 88 63 142 6.643 0.010
   Services and advocacy 15 14 9 14 9 21 1.976 0.160
Eating disorders 14 45 13 58 14 82   
   Bad news 58 26 16 9 17 14 20.297 < 0.001
   Understanding mental illness 42 19 78 45 78 64 14.682 < 0.001
   Services and advocacy 0 0 7 4 5 4 - -
Anxiety disorders 10 32 14 62 11 67   
   Bad news 19 6 21 13 18 12 0.38 0.845
   Understanding mental illness 63 20 69 43 72 48 0.760 0.383
   Services and advocacy 19 6 10 6 10 7 - -
Schizophrenia 12 38 14 59 9 57   
   Bad news 58 22 49 29 68 39 1.535 0.215
   Understanding mental illness 16 6 27 16 25 14 0.758 0.384
   Services and advocacy 26 10 24 14 7 4 6.443 0.011
Bipolar disorder 4 12 3 11 3 19   
   Bad news 50 6 64 7 21 4 - -
   Understanding mental illness 33 4 9 1 53 10 - -
   Services and advocacy 17 2 27 3 26 5 - -
Personality disorders 2 7 6 26 1 9   
   Bad news 86 6 85 22 56 5 - -
   Understanding mental illness 0 0 8 2 33 3 - -
   Services and advocacy 14 1 8 2 11 1 - -
ADHD 0 0 4 18 4 24   
   Bad news 0 0 22 4 8 2 - -
   Understanding mental illness 0 0 72 13 88 21 - -
   Services and advocacy 0 0 6 1 4 1 - -
Other disorders 1 2 1 5 1 7   
   Bad news 50 1 40 2 14 1 - -
   Understanding mental illness 0 0 60 3 71 5 - -
   Services and advocacy 50 1 0 0 14 1 - -
  1. a. Diagnoses given as % of all articles from specified year; sum of all diagnoses adds up to more than 100% as articles can feature multiple diagnoses. Primary story theme groups given as % of all articles featuring specified diagnosis from specified year.
  2. b. Test for trend could not be performed for theme groups with expected cell values < 5.