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Table 2 Frequencies of major depression, treatment for depression, treatment for psychological problems, consumption of psychotropic medication, and antidepressants in women with and without PMS (weighted prevalence rates)

From: The interrelation between premenstrual syndrome and major depression: Results from a population-based sample

  No PMS (n= 3045) Moderate PMS (n= 363) Severe PMDD (n= 110) Total (n= 3518) χ2 (df)
  % % % %  
Major Depression      
Major Depression 6.2 11.3 24.6 7.3  
No Major Depression 93.8 88.7 75.4 92.7  
Total 100 100 100 100 11.58** (2)
Treatment for Depression      
No 92.1 84.5 73.6 90.8  
Yes, before the last 12 months 3.6 7.9 6.2 4.1  
Yes, within the last 12 months 1.9 4.2 5.2 2.2  
In treatment at the moment 2.4 3.4 15.1 2.9  
Total 100 100 100 100 18.02** (6)
Consumption antidepressants      
Daily 5.8 9.7 23.4 7.0  
Once to Several times per week 0.5 0.6 8.1 0.9  
Never 93.7 89.7 68.5 92.1  
Total 100 100 100 100 6.77 (4)
Treatment psychological problems in the last 12 months      
Yes 5.7 12.5 19.7 6.8  
No 94.3 87.5 80.3 93.2  
Total 100 100 100 100 14.81*** (2)
Consumption of psychotropic medication      
None 88.8 73.7 65.0 85.9  
Antidepressants only 3.7 5.4 6.9 4.0  
Tranquilizers/sleeping pills only 4.9 16.0 3.5 6.2  
Tranquilizers/sleeping pills and antidepressants 2.6 4.9 24.6 3.8  
Total 100 100 100 100 17.50** (6)
  1. *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001