Skip to main content

Table 1 Cardiovascular risk factors among smoking male prisoners compared to males of similar age in the general population

From: Cardiovascular risk among Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal smoking male prisoners: inequalities compared to the wider community

Cardiovascular risk factors Aboriginal
%
(n = 64)
Non- Aboriginal
%
(n = 361)
Total male prisoners in the study
%
(n = 425)
Males in the general population
Aged 25-34 yr
%
Current smoking 100 100 100 33a
Insufficient physical activity in last 4 weeks (≥ ul>30 mins 5 × per week) 23 23 23 68a
Risky alcohol use before entry to prison (score 8+ AUDIT) 691 48 52 17a
Moderately high/high blood pressure (140+ systolic; 90+ diastolic) 2 5 4 7b
Current depression and anxiety symptoms (K10 score of 22+) 301 12 14 11a
SES (education level ≤ Yr 9 or equivalent) 562 41 44 5.6c
  1. 1. p < 0.01 when comparing Aboriginal to non-Aboriginal prisoners
  2. 2. p < 0.03 when comparing Aboriginal to non-Aboriginal prisoners
  3. Sources:
  4. a. ABS; National Health Survey Summary of Results 07-08. Cat #4364.0.
  5. b. AIHW analysis of the 1999-2000 Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle (AusDiab) study. http://www.aihw.gov.au/dataonline/riskfactors/index.cfm accessed 9/11/10
  6. c. ABS 2006: 2006 Census of Population and Housing 2068.8