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Table 2 Outcomes for studies on IMCI

From: Integration of priority population, health and nutrition interventions into health systems: systematic review

Type of outcome Study Measure Outcome (IMCI vs. Control area)
Health outcomes Armstrong Schellenberg 2005 Death rate per 1000 child years. From 27.2 to 24.4 vs. from 27.0 to 28.2, (p = 0.28)
   Carer of child prescribed oral medication reports correctly how to give treatment. 163/225 (72%) vs. 100/179 (56%), (p = 0.02)
Quality of care Armstrong Schellenberg 2005 Children checked for presence of cough, diarrhoea and fever. 219/231 (95%) vs. 67/188 (36%), (p < 0.0001)
   Children correctly classified. 139/219 (63%) vs. 66/176 (38%), (p < 0.0001)
   Correct prescription of oral antibiotics and/or oral anti-malarials. 159/219 (73%) vs. 63/178 (35%), (p < 0.0001)
  El-Arifeen 2004 Mean index of correct treatment and counselling. From 8 to 54 vs. from 5 to 9, (p < 0.001)
Utilisation of services Armstrong Schellenberg 2005 Change in appropriate care seeking behaviour. From 211/512 (41%) to 203/531 (38%) vs. from 209/502 (42%) to 138/427 (30%), (p = 0.45)
  El-Arifeen 2004 Ill children taken to a health facility or health worker. From 10% to 19% vs. from 6% to 9%
Cost Adam 2005 Annualised cost of care. US$ 11.19 vs. US$ 16.09
  Bryce 2005 Cost per child visit managed correctly. US$ 4.02 vs. US$ 25.70