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Table 3 Family psychosocial characteristics and criminality (all crimes) among females, adjusting for individual problems.

From: Family psychosocial characteristics influencing criminal behaviour and mortality - possible mediating factors: a longitudinal study of male and female subjects in the Stockholm Birth Cohort

  All crimes (1966-1980)
  Crudea
(95% CI)
Model 1b
(95% CI)
Model 2c
(95% CI)
Model 3d
(95% CI)
Model 4e
(95% CI)
Model 5f
(95% CI)
PAF
Adverse family psychosocial characteristics        
Father's criminality (1953-1959)        
No (ref.) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00  
Yes 2.52 (1.75-3.61) 1.83 (1.25-2.69) 1.71 (1.17-2.52) 1.31 (0.83-2.05) 1.68 (1.12-2.50) 1.32 (0.84-2.07) -0.42%
Father's alcohol abuse (1953-1965)        
No (ref.) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00  
Yes 3.59 (2.53-5.10) 2.69 (1.84-3.93) 2.51 (1.72-3.67) 2.08 (1.34-3.21) 2.39 (1.61-3.54) 2.06 (1.32-3.20) -0.83%
Parents' mental problems (1953-1965)        
No (ref.) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00  
Yes 2.45 (1.74-3.46) 1.84 (1.28-2.65) 1.70 (1.18-2.46) 1.43 (0.94-2.17) 1.49 (1.01-2.19) 1.40 (0.92-2.13) -0.54%
Father's occupational class (1963)        
Upper and upper middle class (ref.) 1.00   1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00  
Middle class 0.97 (0.72-1.32)   0.92 (0.68-1.25) 0.79 (0.57-1.08) 0.90 (0.66-1.22) 0.80 (0.58-1.10)  
Working class 1.69 (1.27-2.26)   1.50 (1.11-2.01) 1.24 (0.91-1.69) 1.39 (1.03-1.87) 1.24 (0.91-1.68)  
Others 2.31 (1.33-4.02)   1.74 (0.99-3.07) 1.54 (0.83-2.84) 1.71 (0.96-3.05) 1.54 (0.83-2.85) -0.33%
Individual problems        
Alcohol and/or drug use (1966-1972)        
No (ref.) 1.00    1.00   1.00  
Yes 33.1 (24.0-45.7)    29.2 (21.0-40.6)   22.9 (15.9-33.1) -2.85%
Mental problems (1966-1972)        
No (ref.) 1.00     1.00 1.00  
Yes 18.9 (12.4-28.8)     15.6 (10.1-24.0) 2.30 (1.28-4.13) -0.41%
  1. Odds ratios from logistic regression analysis (n = 6,989).
  2. a No adjustment, b Mutual adjustment for family psychosocial characteristics, c Mutual adjustment for family psychosocial characteristics + father's occupational class, d Mutual adjustment for family psychosocial characteristics + father's occupational class + individual's alcohol and/or drug use, e Mutual adjustment for family psychosocial characteristics + father's occupational class + individual's mental problems, f Mutual adjustment for all variables