Skip to main content

Table 2 Family psychosocial characteristics and criminality (all crimes) among males, adjusting for individual problems.

From: Family psychosocial characteristics influencing criminal behaviour and mortality - possible mediating factors: a longitudinal study of male and female subjects in the Stockholm Birth Cohort

  All crimes (1966-1980)
  Crudea
(95% CI)
Model 1b
(95% CI)
Model 2c
(95% CI)
Model 3d
(95% CI)
Model 4e
(95% CI)
Model 5f
(95% CI)
PAF
Family psychosocial characteristics        
Father's criminality (1953-1959)        
No (ref.) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00  
Yes 2.10 (1.63-2.71) 1.70 (1.30-1.21) 1.53 (1.17-1.99) 1.41 (1.07-1.86) 1.54 (1.17-2.01) 1.42 (1.08-1.88) -2.05%
Father's alcohol abuse (1953-1965)        
No (ref.) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00  
Yes 3.03 (2.33-3.93) 2.41 (1.83-3.16) 2.06 (1.56-2.71) 1.84 (1.38-2.47) 1.93 (1.45-2.56) 1.77 (1.32-2.37) -2.96%
Parents' mental problems (1953-1965)        
No (ref.) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00  
Yes 2.12 (1.71-2.62) 1.77 (1.42-2.20) 1.56 (1.25-1.95) 1.48 (1.17-1.86) 1.43 (1.13-1.79) 1.40 (1.10-1.77) -2.89%
Father's occupational class (1963)        
Upper and upper middle class (ref.) 1.00   1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00  
Middle class 1.58 (1.35-1.85)   1.53 (1.30-1.79) 1.47 (1.25-1.73) 1.52 (1.29-1.78) 1.47 (1.25-1.73)  
Working class 2.45 (2.09-2.87)   2.26 (1.93-2.65) 2.08 (1.76-2.45) 2.23 (1.90-2.62) 2.08 (1.77-2.45)  
Others 3.39 (2.51-4.57)   2.73 (2.01-3.71) 2.63 (1.92-3.60) 2.64 (7.28-18.2) 2.56 (1.87-3.52) -1.85%
Individual problems        
Alcohol and/or drug use (1966-1972)        
No (ref.) 1.00    1.00   1.00  
Yes 22.3 (15.5-32.3)    19.5 (13.5-28.2)   15.2 (10.5-22.2) -17.5%
Mental problems (1966-1972)        
No (ref.) 1.00     1.00 1.00  
Yes 13.5 (8.55-21.2)     11.5 (7.28-18.2) 4.66 (2.82-7.72) -4.53%
  1. Odds ratios from logistic regression analysis (n = 7,305).
  2. a No adjustment, b Mutual adjustment for family psychosocial characteristics, c Mutual adjustment for family psychosocial characteristics + father's occupational class, d Mutual adjustment for family psychosocial characteristics + father's occupational class + individual's alcohol and/or drug use, e Mutual adjustment for family psychosocial characteristics + father's occupational class + individual's mental problems, f Mutual adjustment for all variables