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Table 1 Distribution of family psychosocial characteristics, individuals problems and mortality according to gender (n = 14,294).

From: Family psychosocial characteristics influencing criminal behaviour and mortality - possible mediating factors: a longitudinal study of male and female subjects in the Stockholm Birth Cohort

  Males (n = 7,305) Females (n = 6,989)
  n % n %
Family psychosocial characteristics     
Father's criminality (1953-1959)     
No 7,058 96.6 6,732 96.3
Yes 247 3.4 257 3.7
Father's alcohol abuse (1953-1965)     
No 7,066 96.7 6,769 96.9
Yes 239 3.3 220 3.1
Parents' mental problems (1953-1965)     
No 6.944 95.1 6.697 95.8
Yes 361 4.9 292 4.2
Father's occupational class (1963)     
Upper and upper middle class 1,215 16.6 1,184 16.9
Middle class 3,060 41.9 3,002 43.0
Working class 2,810 38.5 2,644 37.8
Others 220 3.0 159 2.3
Individual problems     
Criminality - all crimes (1966-1980)     
No 4,943 67.7 6,530 93.4
Yes 2,362 32.3 459 6.6
Criminality - violent crimes (1966-1980)     
No 6,775 92.7 6,921 99.0
Yes 530 7.3 68 1.0
Criminality - non-violent crimes (1966-1980)     
No 5,014 68.6 6,548 93.7
Yes 2,291 31.4 441 6.3
Alcohol and/or drug use (1966-1972)     
No 6,973 95.5 6,807 97.4
Yes 332 4.5 182 2.6
Mental problems (1966-1972)     
No 7,149 97.9 6.897 98.7
Yes 156 2.1 92 1.3
Mortality     
Mortality (1981-2009)     
No 6,861 93.9 6,742 96.5
Yes 444 6.1 247 3.5