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Table 1 Basic characteristics and components of the metabolic syndrome in individuals with and without metabolic syndrome in different BMI classes

From: Metabolically healthy and unhealthy obesity phenotypes in the general population: the FIN-D2D Survey

  No MetS MetS  
  BMI < 25
No MetS
(n = 712)
BMI 25-29.9
No MetS
(n = 418)
BMI ≥ 30
No MetS
(n = 94)
P
trend
BMI < 25
MetS
(n = 205)
BMI 25-29.9
MetS
(n = 811)
BMI ≥ 30
MetS
(n = 609)
P
trend
P
MetS/
BMI
Interaction
Population prevalence, % 25.0 14.7 3.3   7.2 28.5 21.3   
Proportion of men, % 43.8 48.6 28.7   39.0 57.6 44.2   
Age (yr) 57.8 ± 8.5 57.6 ± 8.3 58.5 ± 8.2 0.801 60.3 ± 8.1 61.4 ± 7.8 61.3 ± 8.3 0.356 0.593
Height (cm) 168.7 ± 8.7 168.7 ± 8.6 165.8 ± 9.6 0.053 169.1 ± 9.3 170.3 ± 9.2 167.7 ± 9.0 < 0.001 < 0.001
Weight (kg) 64.4 ± 8.7 76.6 ± 8.4 91.4 ± 12.6 < 0.001 68.1 ± 8.5 80.1 ± 9.6 96.2 ± 15.0 < 0.001 0.003
MetS components          
Waist (cm) 81.2 ± 7.5 91.8 ± 7.0 105.1 ± 9.7 < 0.001 88.4 ± 6.7 97.4 ± 7.5 111.1 ± 11.2 < 0.001 0.205
BMI (kg/m2) 22.5 ± 1.7 26.9 ± 1.3 33.2 ± 3.1 < 0.001 23.7 ± 1.1 27.5 ± 1.3 34.1 ± 4.2 < 0.001 < 0.001
SBP (mmHg) 128.8 ± 18.1 127.2 ± 15.5 130.1 ± 16.7 0.589 139.2 ± 16.7 143.3 ± 17.5 144.7 ± 17.3 < 0.001 0.006
DBP (mmHg) 78.1 ± 9.3 78.8 ± 8.4 79.2 ± 7.7 0.077 82.8 ± 8.8 83.7 ± 9.2 84.8 ± 9.5 0.003 0.424
FPG (mmol/l) 5.8 ± 0.88 5.8 ± 0.94 5.8 ± 1.4 0.585 6.2 ± 0.85 6.5 ± 1.2 6.7 ± 1.4 < 0.001 < 0.001
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 0.96 ± 0.34 1.1 ± 0.34 1.2 ± 0.35 < 0.001 1.4 ± 0.68 1.6 ± 0.97 1.8 ± 1.0 < 0.001 < 0.001
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.6 ± 0.34 1.5 ± 0.31 1.5 ± 0.21 < 0.001 1.4 ± 0.38 1.4 ± 0.33 1.3 ± 0.27 < 0.001 0.029
  1. BMI, body mass index; FPG, fasting plasma glucose; HDL cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; DBP, diastolic blood pressure;
  2. SBP, systolic blood pressure. P values adjusted for age and sex (except p for age which is adjusted for sex only).