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Table 3 Age-adjusted prevalence for cardiovascular risk profile according to fasting glucose level

From: Prevalence and risk factors of diabetes and impaired fasting glucose in Nauru

  Normal Prediabetes Diabetes* p value
Men     
Elevated systolic blood pressure (≥140 mmHg)* 152.1 ± 1.2 152.9 ± 2.7 150.4 ± 1.4 0.56
Elevated diastolic blood pressure (≥90 mmHg) 97.6 ± 0.8 95.4 ± 0.9 96.3 ± 0.5 0.16
High total cholesterol (≥6.21 mmol/l; ≥240 mg/dl) 6.8 ± 0.2 8.9 ± 0.0 7.6 ± 0.2 < 0.0001
BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 33.9 ± 0.3 33.4 ± 0.8 36.3 ± 0.70 0.005
Waist circumference 108.9 ± 1.8 105.7 ± 1.7 110.1 ± 3.1 0.29
Minutes per day of physical activity (low status) 122.5 ± 5.9 104.2 ± 20.2 121.3 ± 14.3 0.69
Women     
Elevated systolic blood pressure (≥140 mmHg) 156.2 ± 2.9 162.8 ± 4.3 152.7 ± 2.8 0.15
Elevated diastolic blood pressure (≥90 mmHg) 96.4 ± 1.0 99.0 ± 1.9 93.4 ± 0.4 0.0006
High total cholesterol (≥240 mg/dl) 6.9 ± 0.1 8.5 ± 0.2 7.6 ± 0.9 < 0.0001
BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 34.7 ± 0.3 35.9 ± 0.6 36.3 ± 1.3 0.13
Waist circumference 99.2 ± 0.6 97.9 ± 3.0 107.3 ± 1.3 < 0.0001
Minutes per day of physical activity (low status) 72.7 ± 4.3 64.8 ± 13.9 86.1 ± 15.3 0.58
  1. Data are means ± SEM. Age-adjusted prevalence's were standardized using the national census in 2002 from the Nauru National Bureau of Statistics Office. Waist Circumference: > 90 cm for men and > 80 cm for women. Low physical activity status: < 600 MET minutes per week. P values were calculated using a linear contrast test.
  2. * Diabetes includes both previously diagnosed diabetes and previously undiagnosed diabetes.
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