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Table 2 Adjusted odds ratio (OR) and 95% CIs for diabetes and prediabetes compared with normal glucose, as determined by polychotomous multiple logistic regression analysis using the generalized logit model

From: Prevalence and risk factors of diabetes and impaired fasting glucose in Nauru

  Prediabetes Diabetes
Variables OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value
Age 1.00 (0.98, 1.03) 0.77 1.06 (1.04, 1.07) < 0.0001
Sex     
   Male 1.00 0.75 1.00 0.17
   Female 0.92 (0.54, 1.55)   1.78 (0.55, 1.12)  
Education 1.04 (0.94, 1.16) 0.47 1.00 (0.93, 1.08) 0.93
BMI (per 5 kg/m2) 0.92 (0.85, 0.99) 0.02 0.94 (0.90, 0.99) 0.02
Waist circumference (cm) 1.04 (1.00, 1.08) 0.05 1.04 (1.02, 1.07) 0.002
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 1.00 (0.98, 1.02) 0.75 1.00 (0.98, 1.01) 0.58
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 1.01 (0.98, 1.04) 0.54 1.00 (0.98, 1.02) 0.71
Heart rate (beats/minute) 0.99 (0.97, 1.01) 0.27 1.00 (0.99, 1.01) 0.51
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 2.02 (1.66, 2.47) < 0.0001 1.84 (1.58, 2.14) < 0.0001
High risk alcohol consumption     
   No 1.00 0.68 1.00 0.41
   Yes 0.87 (0.44, 1.70)   1.20 (0.78, 1.85)  
Current smoker     
   No 1.00 0.45 1.00 0.49
   Yes 1.20 (0.74, 1.94)   0.89 (0.65, 1.23)  
Fruit (serves/day) 1.09 (0.81, 1.47) 0.56 0.98 (0.78, 1.23) 0.87
Vegetables (serves/day) 0.91 (0.72, 1.16) 0.45 0.92 (0.79, 1.08) 0.30
Overall physical activity (minutes per day) 1.00 (0.99, 1.00) 0.50 1.00 (0.99, 1.00) 0.86
Sedentary activity (hours per day) 0.95 (0.88, 1.03) 0.21 0.98 (0.92, 1.03) 0.34