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Table 4 Mean (and 95% confidence interval) baseline, final follow-up, and change scores on the TICS-7, immediate word recall, and delayed word recall tests by education categories

From: A prospective cohort study of long-term cognitive changes in older Medicare beneficiaries

Independent Variable Grade School High School College
Baseline    
TICS-7*** 12.1
(11.9, 12.4)
13.2
(13.1, 13.3)
13.8
(13.7, 13.9)
Immediate Word Recall*** 3.7
(3.6, 3.8)
4.8
(4.7, 4.9)
5.3
(5.2, 5.4)
Delayed Word Recall*** 2.2
(2.1, 2.3)
3.5
(3.4, 3.6)
3.9
(3.8, 4.0)
Final Follow-Up    
TICS-7*** 11.8
(11.6, 12.1)
12.9
(12.8, 13.0)
13.4
(13.3, 13.5)
Immediate Word Recall*** 3.2
(3.1, 3.3)
4.0
(3.9, 4.1)
4.5
(4.4, 4.6)
Delayed Word Recall*** 1.9
(1.8, 2.0)
2.7
(2.6, 2.8)
3.1
(2.9, 3.2)
Change Scores    
TICS-7 -0.3
(-0.6, -0.3)
-0.3
(-0.4, -0.2)
-0.4
(-0.5, -0.3)
Immediate Word Recall*** -0.5
(-0.6, -0.4)
-0.8
(-0.9, -0.7)
-0.8
(-0.9, -0.7)
Delayed Word Recall*** -0.4
(-0.5, -0.3)
-0.8
(-0.9, -0.7)
-0.9
(-1.0, -0.8)
  1. * = p < 0.05; ** = p < 0.01; *** = p < 0.001