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Table 3 Mean (and 95% confidence interval) baseline, final follow-up, and change scores on the TICS-7, immediate word recall, and delayed word recall tests by race categories

From: A prospective cohort study of long-term cognitive changes in older Medicare beneficiaries

Independent Variable Hispanic African American White
Baseline    
TICS-7*** 11.9
(11.3, 12.4)
11.7
(11.2, 12.2)
13.4
(13.3, 13.4)
Immediate Word Recall*** 3.8
(3.5, 4.1)
3.6
(3.4, 3.8)
4.9
(4.8, 4.9)
Delayed Word Recall*** 2.3
(2.0, 2.6)
2.1
(2.0, 2.3)
3.5
(3.4, 3.6)
Final Follow-Up    
TICS-7*** 11.4
(10.9, 12.0)
11.6
(11.1, 12.0)
13.0
(12.9, 13.1)
Immediate Word Recall*** 3.2
(2.9, 3.4)
3.3
(3.1, 3.5)
4.1
(4.0, 4.1)
Delayed Word Recall*** 2.0
(1.7, 2.3)
1.8
(1.6, 2.0)
2.8
(2.7, 2.8)
Change Scores    
TICS-7 -0.4
(-1.0, 0.2)
-0.2
(-0.6, 0.3)
-0.3
(-0.4, -0.3)
Immediate Word Recall*** -0.7
(-1.0, -0.4)
-0.3
(-0.5, -0.1)
-0.8
(-0.9, -0.7)
Delayed Word Recall*** -0.3
(-0.7, 0.6)
-0.4
(-0.7, -0.2)
-0.8
(-0.9, -0.8)
  1. * = p < 0.05; ** = p < 0.01; *** = p < 0.001